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John and Amy Bailey – 1870, Burleson Co., TX

John and Amy Bailey – 1870, Burleson Co., TX

I am looking for John Pete Bailey and his wife Amy. John was born in 1824 in South Carolina and died (I assume in Texas) in 1907. I would also love any information on John and Amy’s parents, if any is available. They were all born in South Carolina.

John and Amy's children were:

William “Bill” born 1855
David 1856
Nancy 1857
John Pete 1858
George 1862
Jennie 1865
Joseph 1870
Mattie ?

John Bailey -1870 Census, Burleson Co, Western District, Texas, age 49, male, black, born in South Carolina.
Series M593
Roll 1577
Page 183

1880 Census, Burleson Co., Texas, John was 56 years old, and a farmer. The 1880 Census, Burleson Co., Texas, says Amy’s parents were born in South Carolina. Amy was 58 years old and "keeps house".

John Pete Bailey I and Amy Bailey were brought to Texas in the early 1850s from South Carolina, where they were both born. The 1880 census indicates their parents were also born in South Carolina. Their grandparents were probably brought from the West Coast of Africa to the port-of-entry in this American State. John and Amy were heavily mixed with Indian. John with Cherokee and Amy with Choctaw.

In the early 1800s, these Indian tribes were originally located in the Southern U.S., but were relocated to Indian Territory, in what is now Oklahoma (after the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830).

Amy's features strongly suggest that her enslaved mother and father were first generation Africans.

We don't know how the Bailey's got to Texas:

Option 1 - Maybe, they relocated to Indian Territory in Oklahoma with Indians, later, many Indians traveled by foot to Texas and settled at Cow Bayou, near Milano, TX, a few miles north of Caldwell, where Burleson County Courthouse is located.

Option 2 - The Bailey's were once owned by the Tarrals or Terrells, and were later sold to a white Bailey family (Joseph Bailey's son Cladus said). The Tarrals settled in Burleson County and became acquainted with the Teals. After Richard S. Teal (John Teal's eldest son died around 1859, his widow, Naomi, married Robert Tarral). Richard Teal and Urial Bailey made a land deal. Richard purchased 320 acres on Davidson Creek from the original Jessie Bailey tract. So, John and Amy were probably bought by either Urial or Jessie Bailey, in the early 1850s.

After the abolition of slavery in 1865, John and Amy purchased 25 acres from John Teal (League #235), which was occupied by his grandaughter Bama (Washington) Lockhart.

John and Amy were husband and wife in the early 1850s. They had at least 9 kids. 6 boys and 3 girls.

When the slaves were freed in Texas, in 1865, John was in his mid-40s and he and his wife had five small children, ranging in age from 3-10. He was never a big farmer in his lifetime. As a slave on the Bailey's plantation, he was a great wood cutter and furniture designer. He bought his only parcel of land, a 25-acre tract, when he was nearly 50 years old. Bama and Zeddie Lockhart have their homestead on this tract of land.


Messages In This Thread

John and Amy Bailey – 1870, Burleson Co., TX
Re: John and Amy Bailey – 1870, Burleson Co., TX

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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