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[TX] Varner-Hogg Plantation slave documents

Thanks to forum members who posted links to Varner-Hogg Plantation Slave Project. The list of enslaved and free African Americans there gave me some clues for documenting the life of "Adline Marshall," whose story is in Texas Slave Narratives collection. I can't be certain all documents below refer to the same "Adeline." She is probably not my direct ancestor, but Adeline and Wes Marshall (various spellings) are probably related to my Mitchell families from Fort Bend and Harris counties in Texas.

Varner-Hogg Plantation – Adeline/Adaline, born about 1856

Plantation Slavery Project posts a list of slaves (including Kate, 19, and her daughter Adeline, 18 months) that the Patton family sold to Louis Stroble in 1857 to pay for debts.

“Adline Marshall” – Texas Slave Narratives

Adeline may be named after Adeline Patton, TN-born matriarch of the slaveholding Patton family in Fort Bend County. Adeline never knew her parents, but could her mother be Kate Robinson, a woman living near the Patton family in 1870? A Fort Bend County slaveholder named Brevard was said to have brought Adeline as a child from SC:

Don’t know nothing ‘bout myself ‘cept on the Cap’n’s place down on Oyster Creek. He has de plantation ‘twixt de Borden’s and de Thatcher’s plantations, and dat’s de only place I knows ‘bout ‘til I’s freedomed. He says I’s a South Ca’lina nigger what he bought back dere and brung me with him to Texas when I was jes’ a baby. I reckon it’s de truth ‘cause I never knowed no mama or no papa neither one…I knows I’s good size when old Cap’n calls us in from chopping and tells we’s free, but nobody told me how old I was and I never find out. I knows some of us stays and works for something to eat, ‘cause we didn’t know no one and didn’t have no whar to go. Den one day, Cap’n come out in de field with ‘nother man, and pick me and four more what was working, and tell de man we is good workers. Dat was Mr. Jack Adams what had a place down by Stafford’s Run. He says if we want to work on his place, he feed us and give us good quarters and pay us for working, and dat’s how come I leaves old Cap’n, and I ain’t never see him or de place whar I was raised up since, but I reckon ‘cause he was so mean de debbil’s got him in torment long time ago. I works in de field for Mr. Jack, and dat’s whar Wes Marshall what I married worked too. After we gets married we gets us a piece of ground from Mr. Jack and we stays on de same place ‘til Mr. Jack die and we come to Houston. Dat was ‘fore de 1900 storm…My husband and all my chillen die long ago and leave me here, and I jes’ go from house to house to try to find a place to stay. Dat’s why I’m praying to God to take me to his bosom, ‘cause He’s de onliest one I got to call on.

Adline Marshall of 3514 Bastrop St., Houston, TX, interviewed in 1938 by Clarence Drake. See Rawick, Texas Slave Narratives, (2576-2580).

Marriages in Fort Bend County, TX

Marshall, Wesley and Doughtery, Priscilla (Precilla) m. 28 Dec. 1887 (#00313988)
Marshall, Wesley and Wellis (Willis?), Adeline m. 27 Dec. 1889 (# 00001099)

Census data

1820 Brevard, Alfred and Joseph (race not given, presumed to be white)

Residence: Kershaw County, SC
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1860 Brevard, E.J. (white) 28 farmer b. SC

Residence: Sugar Land, Fort Bend County, TX
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Stroble, Lewis M. (white) 27 farmer b. SC

Residence: Stafford Point, Fort Bend County, TX
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1870 Brevard, Adeline 18 servant b. NC

Jack Adams (white) farmer b. AL
Frank Adams (white) farmer b. AL
Residence: Stafford Point, Fort Bend County, TX
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Robinson, Kate 40 farms on shares b. SC

Residence: Richmond, Fort Bend County, TX
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1880 Willis, Austen 25 farming (b. 1855 TX; parents TN)
wife Adline 28 keeping house (b. 1852 VA; parents VA)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1880 Marshall, Wesley 38 farming (b. LA, parents?)
wife Haldy 35 keeping house (b. NC, parents?)
other Charlett (male) 8 (b. TX; parents LA, NC)
other Harrison (male) 5
other Lou (female) 3 mo. (b. 1880, TX; parents LA, NC)

Residence: Precinct 3, Fort Bend County, TX
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1900 Marshall, Louisiana 15 (b. 1885, TX; parents LA, TX)
(ward of Dave and Bettie Jones)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1900 Marshall, Wester (Wesley) 60 farmer (b. LA; parents LA
wife Adeline? 4/7 children 40 (b. NC; parents NC)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1900 Willis, Adeline servant unknown

Residence: Precinct 3, Fort Bend County, TX
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1900 Marshall, Westley m3 65 laborer, odd jobs (b. LA; parents b. US)
Wife: Addline, m2 65 (b. TX; parents b. US)

Residence: Houston, Harris County, TX
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1930 Marshall, Adeline 70 (b. 1860 SC)
grandmother of James H. Lawson (wife Odella or Idella)
Residence: 3449 Elgin Ave., Houston, Harris County, TX


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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