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1st Sgt. James H. Green, 24th Regt., Co, G. Buffal

My Great Uncle, James H. Green, enlisted in the U.S. Army in Baltimore, on September 22,1887, for a period of five years,and was assigned to the 24th Regiment, Co. "G". He listed his hometown as Morganza, St. Mary's County, Maryland. He was my grandmother's brother and they lived about two miles away in Loveville, Md.. I finally found his enlistment papers at the U.S. Archives last year. He served 25 years and retired in Oakland California, on August 31,1912.

My mother, who was born in 1905, only remembers seeing him once when he visited them in Phildelphia, sometime before his death on July 4,1925. The irony is that , thanks to my cousin Jandel and George Geder, we found that he died from a streetcar accident in Oakland ,California, and not from all the wounds and injuries he recieved while in the 24th Regiment.

He was at Sappilo River, Territory of New Mexico, on his first re-enlistment on Sept. 22,1892, showing new scars from battles. He was at Fort Douglas, Utah, 1897, and probably shipped out to Cuba from there in 1898, to help Teddy Roosevelt and the "Rough Riders", take San Juan Hill. He was in San Francisco, in 1900, with some new scars, and in Fort Assinniboine, Montana, in 1903, with some new scars noted. He is in Montana in 1905, Fort Ontario, New York in 1908, with a new wife, Jennie Green, 1911 at Fort Ontario and Jennie is in Oakland California. He retires in 1912.

My cousin in-law Roosevelt Jackson, who was from Washington, D.C.and was in the 10th Cavalry in 1917 and then was promoted to 2nd lt. in 1918 and sent to France with the 369th Infantry Regiment, "Hell Fighters From Harlem", knew my Uncle James Green. Roosevelt knew more about my family than my parents. Many of my future leads came from Uncle Jack.

He once told me that James Green and some other troopers of the 24th reg. were escorting a government pay wagon in Arizona, when it was attacked by bandits. He said they fought off the bandits and saved the payroll.

I found an article by accident a couple of years ago in the Arizona Highways magazine, dated January, 1995, written by Leo W. Banks, who lives in Arizona and "has followed the deeds of the Buffalo Soldiers since his arrival in 1975."
He tells of the same payroll holdup, which is almost exactly what Uncle jack said; in a story he wrote titled "The Buffalo Soldiers".

The Caption is : (this is a sore spot with some of our fellow researchers, I know, but it is true) "Though Assigned to the Most Desolate Posts and Hampered by Shoddy Equipment, Worn-Out Horses, and Bad Food, their bravery and sacrifice helped tame the great Southwest."

He mentiones the ambush of the " government pay wagon (about 1891) enroute from Fort Grant to Fort Thomas was ambushed by bandits. The escort consisted of 11 troopers from the 24th infantry, two of whom were cited for courage in their defense of the Army gold." Sgt. Benjamin Brown emptied his revolver at the assailants, then snatched a gun from one of his men and continued firing. He soon fell, shot through the arm and his side. The other trooper Isiah Mays, fought gallantly in spite of his wounds before crawling two miles to a ranch to sound the alarm.

When Uncle james re-enlisted on September 22,1892, at Sappilo River, the surgeon notes new scars, which may have been a result of the holdup battle, and/or any of the other battles he was in.

The 24th regiment was sent to Cuba, in 1898, with the 9th and 10th Cavalry and the 25th regt. in the Spanish American War. They collectively made a major difference in the outcome of that war.

"Although Teddy Roosevelt's Rough Riders, received much of the credit, a white soldier, whose father had served in the Confederate Army, wrote to the Washington Post that, if it had not been for the Negro Cavalry, the "Rough Riders" would have been EXTERMINATED!"

This view was shared by General John "Black Jack" Pershing, who fought with the 10th Cav. in Cuba and led them out of Arizona's Fort Huachuca in 1916 on a punitive expedition into Mexico against Francisco"Pancho" Villa." By this time , Uncle James had retired to Oakland California.

I have read many books and accounts of the Buffalo Soldiers and i am a member of the Ninth and Tenth (Horse) Cavalry Assn., D.C. Chapter. Everthing I have read, supports the story of hand me-down worn out horses, equimpment, etc.

President Theodore Roosevelt praised the 9th & 10th, for their bravery and support in Cuba, until he ran for president of the United States and then he was silent forever more. Meanwhile, I'M STILL FACT CHECKING!

Thanks, Lloyd

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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