AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive
Re: Colored Civil War Question?
In Response To: Colored Civil War Question? ()
Others will have much more to add to this, I am sure, especially Bennie, but a few brief comments may help you.
Units were raised in different places, and had different compositions. Some, like the early regiments raised in NC and SC, were made up primarily of freemen from the surrounding area. Others like the 54th and 55th Ma. had recruits from other states. As an example many men from Ohio, Pa. and NY served in the Ma. regiments, including two of Frederic Douglass' sons. The 3 regiments of the La. Native Guard each had a specific composition. ( Isiah, Tony, or Bennie can elaborate on these men.)Some regiments were comprised of contraband.
The mustering in and out processes had some variants. Some were mustered out at or near their origin. Others were mustered out at a common point within a specific region. Here again, an example from some of the men sent to Texas. Men from the 36th Inf. who had been sent to some of the Rio Grande posts were mustered out in Galveston, New Orleans and Plymouth, Va. A large number of them were recruited in late 1864, at New Berne or nearby (Sept-Dec.) They were then mustered in at Plymouth in December. Most of them came from NC, but there were others from VA. and other places as well. Their enlistments would all end at the same time. Again-there are others who can detail these procedures better than I.