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COMBAT TROOPS IN EUROPE
COMBAT TROOPS IN THE EUROPEAN THEATER
Slightly under 9 percent of the 259,173 Black troops reported in the European Theater of Operations on May 15, 1 week after VE-day, belonged to combat organizations.
In addition to the 92nd Infantry Division, twenty-two Black combat units participated in the operations of the American Expeditionary Forces against the Wehrmacht.
* 333rd Field Artillery Battalion
* 453nd Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion
* 761st Tank Battalion
* 614th Tank Destroyer Battalion
* 183rd Engineer Combat Battalion
The 320th Barrage Balloon Battalion was the only Black combat unit to take part in the initial landing on the Normandy coast June 6, 1944. Classified as an antiaircraft organization, it was the only American unit of its type in Europe.
(SOURCE: Appendix to the Congressional Record, Volume 92 - Part 9, January 14, 1946 to March 8, 1946.
NOTE: The article "Black Soldiers of the Ardennes" which will be posted soon lists three addition Field Artillery Battalions at Bastogne - 559th, 740th, and 771st, and three additional Tank Destroyer Battalions - 502nd, 630th, and 701st.
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