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Case of Henry Wilson #2 (for Civil War Union Pension)No. 1.140.861

Deposition A6 June 1893 Plano, Collin County, TexasI was 69 years old 14th of last September, occupation farmer as long as I was able- do nothing now but light jobs; post office address as above. I enlisted at Knoxville, Tennessee, in July 186 (do not recollect day) in Company K, U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery and was discharged early in April 1866 at Chattanooga, Tennessee. I was never in any other service either before or after. I held the rank of Quarter Master Sergeant during my entire service. My duty was to see that the rations were properly distributed among the men and to keep everything correct in connection with the issuing of the rations. My first colonel’s name was Shannon, but he was superceded by (john E.) McGowan who was colonel when we were mustered out. My captain’s name was (Captain Edwin B.) Bigelow. He was promoted to a staff officer I think just a few days before we were mustered out, and I think they were fixing to appoint the first Lieutenant whose name was (Edwin A.) Hall to be captain, but don’t think they got it fixed before the company was mustered out. The second lieutenant’s name was (Nathan W.) Tomlinson. Tom (Thomas) Braxton was orderly sergeant. First duty sergeant was Ed (Edward) Braxton., a brother of the orderly. Ed (Edward) Dixon was another sergeant. There were two or three others who held the rank of sergeant at various times, but who were reduced for various reasons. Isaac Pettit was another sergeant. The commissioned officers were all white men.
The non-commissioned officers were colored. I remember also the following named comrades: Tom (Thomas) Tomson, Wesley Tomson, Jim (James) Henderson, George Wilson, Bill Wilson, Mat Kingkade, Bill Kingkade, Jim Woods, Bill Persley, Sam (Samuel) Hazzard, Henry White, Washington McGahy (spelled phonetically), Henry Daley. That is about all that I can well recollect

I lost my discharge certificate at Chattanooga the very day I received it under the following circumstances- It was a very dark night and we were “all in a cluster” trying to get on the train. I had it in the outside pocket of my artillery jacket and never missed it until the next day when I was a long way off. It may have been stolen out of my pocket in the crowd- anyway I lost it somehow and never saw it again. I have since made proof of the facts to the War Department, and they furnished me with a new discharge which I forwarded to my attorney in Washington. (I claim pension for ) rheumatism, deafness, and failure of eyes.
(I was born) in Albermarle County, Virginia, in the neighborhood of Charlottesville- our county seat. My grandfather was a full-blood Cherokee Indian, I am 5 ft. 9 in. in height- eyes rather brown, Hair was black as coal (now gray). Complexion dark (with a distinct coppery hue indicative of his Indian origin). I was born as the slave of a man named Yancy, but in my infancy, became, with my mother, the property of a man named Barksdale near Charlottesville, Virginia. When I was twelve or fourteen years old, I was taken to Tennessee by a man named Wilson. I lived with him until he died, then as a result of some lawsuit, a man named Robert J. McKinney of Knoxville, Tennessee, got me. He was my master at the time I enlisted. He is dead, but his son Samuel McKinney still lives in Knoxville. I have had a letter from him since Christmas.

After discharge, I went to Greeneville, Greene County, Tennessee, and farmed there, about one mile southwest of town where I owned my place until I came to Texas in 1878. I have lived in Collin County ever since and Plano has been my Post Office. Besides Samuel McKinney, I can prove my identity by Wylie (or William) Reed whose Post Office address is Melissa, Collin County, Texas. He was in Company E of the same regiment, and we were very well acquainted in service and have been well-acquainted ever since. Also by Henry Keller (colored) whose Post Office is Frankfort, Texas, near the line of Collin and Dallas counties. He knew me before the war-was my neighbor- and knows that I was a soldier….
Henry Wilson 6 June 1893

G. Schiff, Witness George M. Flick,
Special Examiner, Pension Office


Case of Henry Wilson #2 (for Civil War Union Pension)No. 1.140.861

Deposition F17 July 1893Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee (I went by the name of ) Henry McKinney (before the war) because I belonged to Judge McKinney of this city and was known by the name of my master. I belonged to Captain Jonathan Barksdale of Albemarle County, Virginia, and at the age of 26 years, came to Judge McKinney of Knoxville when he bought me on the block at $500. My father was a half-breed Indian (Cherokee) and named Thornton Wilson. When I enlisted, the officers asked me the name of my father and I said Wilson, and they put it down that way. I have always been known ever since by the name of Wilson.

(My company was made up from) McMinn, Meigs, Washington and Roane Counties, Tennessee. (I do not know the whereabouts of any of my comrades.) I have been in texas the past fifteen years, except for a few visits here. In addition to the names I gave the other examiners, I know Henry and Mat Chandler who came from Sevier County, Tennessee. I just got here from Texas Saturday the 15th and have not had time to hunt up any of my old comrades. I shall return to Plano, Texas, within a few days.

source: Case of Henry Wilson #2 (for Civil War Union Pension) No. 1.140.8616 June 1893 in Plano, Collin County, Texas and 17 July 1893 in Knoxville, Knox County, Tennessee

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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