AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum
Re: South Carolina Egyptians - F.P.O.C.?
In Response To: Re: South Carolina Egyptiams - F.P.O.C.? ()
Paul, thanks very much for your explanation of the South Carolina "Egyptian" issue. I also wish to thank you for the vast amount of information you have made available and your willingness to share your expertise on the free people of color. I am certain that the Uriah Bolton of the 1880 Sumner Co. Tenn. census did not have a father who was born in Egypt. He is likely descended from the Solomon or Spencer Bolton, F.P.O.C., of the 1790 census, Georgetown District. S.C. A Uriah Bolton of Overton Co. Tenn. claimed in a document that he was 100% Cherokee Indian. In the well known case taking place in Hamilton Co. Tenn involving a descendant of Spencer Bolton, the family made the claim that it was of Portuguese descent. As it is unlikely that this family is100% Cherokee, Portuguese, and Gypsy at the same time, I was excited to find in your research that you believe Spencer and Solomon Bolton may be descended from a white woman born in England and a Black slave. This is the more likely explanation and supported by the fact that the Boltons were living in a Mulatto colony in Claiborne and Jefferson Co. Miss. in 1850. This colony consisted of Bolton, Harris, Holly, Jacob, Livingston, Chaves, Jeffers, and Glover families With the exception of Glover, I have located all of these families in Richland Co., S.C. during the period 1810 to 1840. In looking at this entirely colony I find that they are all related by blood or by marriage. I am finding that they did not marry outside of their "racial group" at this time in Mississippi. After 1850, the three Bolton heads of household disappeared and the children were scattered throughout Texas and Louisiana, the minor children living with other families. The step-children of one of the Boltons remained in Mississippi and they continued to be identified as mulatto or black in the later censuses. My Great Grandmother Elizabeth Bolton, identified as mulatto in the 1850 census, moves to Louisiana after 1859, marries a much older white man from New York, and this family becomes white. Some of the earliest residents of Claiborne and Jefferson Co. whose surnames appear also in Richland Co., S.C. are Elias Jacobs and wife Matilda Holly, Issac Livingston and wife Nancy, Osborne Jeffers and wife Jane Jennings, Tobias Harris and wife Sarah Jeffers, Jordan Chevas and wife Elizabeth Jeffers , Uriah Bolton and wife Mary Jenkins. You have done research on each of these families and have identified their ancestors as including a Black male. This seems much more reasonable than the exotic claims of Gypsy, Portuguese, and Cherokee Indian. In addition, I am very excited to have made this discovery in my lineage. When you have an opportunity, would you mind commenting on whether you believe these families originated in Richland Co., S.C. and whether it was customary for bi-racial and tri-racial families to immigrate together and marry within their racial group as in the case of this colony in Mississippi. I appreciate very much your work, your expertise, and your generosity and sharing it. James
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