AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum
Re: FPOC Community: Ten Mile Creek, Louisiana
In Response To: Re: FPOC Community: Ten Mile Creek, Louisiana ()
Interesting! The Ten Mile Creek community consisted of members of the Perkins, Sweat, and Going families that originated in Virginia, moved to North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (what was then the western part of North Carolina), Mississippi and then Louisiana.
In 1851 they built a house and hired a teacher with the intention of starting a school. Two men from the white community were supposed to have burned the house down. They were murdered, supposedly by members of the mixed-race community. The story appeared in the local newspapers as "The Rawhide Fight."
They fought for the Confederacy and probably mixed with the white population based on the family photos in "Sweat Families of the South" by Erbon W. Wise.
Joshua4 Perkins (Joshua1, Esther1), born in November 1759 in present-day Marion County, South Carolina, was taxable on one poll in Washington County, North Carolina, in 1788 (called Joshua Perkins, Jr.) in the same list as George Perkins and Gilbert Sweat, and he was taxable on 100 acres in 1791 [Creekmore, Tennessee Ancestors, 5:37, 72, 81]. He was head of a Buncombe County, North Carolina household of 7 "other free" in 1800 [NC:183]. He married Mary Mixon according to the 2 October 1810 Opelousas Marriage of his daughter Sarah Perkins [Opelousas Parish Courthouse, marriage license no.14]. He was head of an Opelousas, St. Landry Parish, Louisiana household of 6 "other free" in 1810, one "free colored" over forty-five years of age in 1820, and one over fifty-five years of age in 1830 [LA:26]. On 25 May 1830 he was called a "f.m.c." (free man of color) when he made a deposition for Gilbert Sweat, "f.m.c.," in a case held in St. Landry Parish in which he testified that he would be seventy-one years old in November 1830, was born on the Little Peedee River in what was then called Marion County, South Carolina, in the same area as Gilbert Sweat. About the year 1777 he helped Sweat run off with Frances Smith, wife of John Barney Taylor. They travelled the same route from South Carolina: to North Carolina to Tennessee to Big Black River, Mississippi, and finally to Louisiana about 1804. However, they sometimes did not see each other for several years at a time [Parish of St. Landry, case no.1533]. On 15 June 1837 when he was about seventy-eight years old, his three daughters filed suit in the Court of Probate of St. Landry Parish to have a curator appointed to administer his estate because he was blind and supposedly feeble. They were Mary Perkins (wife of James Ashworth), Sarah Perkins (wife of Jesse Ashworth), and Elizabeth Perkins (wife of James Goings). He was living with his son Jordan Perkins at the time. The estate was said to contain considerable property, mainly cattle.
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