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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

Re: MD - Researching Free Persons before 185

"I have been researching my grandfather's family and the earliest census document I can find them in is 1850. Then when I try to search 1840 I only see records for white persons. Since they were free they wouldn't be listed under the slave census, so where do I look?"

Prior to 1850 only head of household (HOH) was listed by name in the census records. If your ancestors were free prior to 1840 the HOH would be listed on page 1 by name and the family structure would be seen on page 2.

Here are examples
1)Lewis Adams (FPOC) in 1820-1830 in Champaign County, Ohio.
2) Charles Allen (FPOC) 1840 in Ross County, Ohio

Click on the magnify glass icon to enlarge photos.

1820 Census

1830 page 1

1830 page 2


Hope this helps,

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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