AfriGeneas Caribbean Research Forum
[CARIB] Slave Immigrants from West Africa
In an email of 03/07/03 I quoted Dalton on the origins of the Africans who were sent to the Dutch Colonies of Berbice, Essequibo and Demerara, later named collectively, in 1831, British Guiana.
Most of the origins were place names, and many of these were the locations, forts/castles/factories from which Africans were exported, after having been collected from areas many miles distant. According to Dalton"The Ardras called Dongos ... were all brought from Inda (better known as Tida) [also named as Fida in many accounts] and Ardra, towns near the western sea-coast of Africa, from a distance of fifty miles to the north-east of Ardra" [a.k.a Offra, but may be Little Ardra].
Jacquin [a.k.a Jacquim] or Jacquire is also mentioned as a location from which Africans were obtained. Dalton mentioned the Naga. He also mentioned the Mallais slaves who were brought to Tida, Ardra, and Jaquire, from a distance of about three months' journey. Among these slaves exported were also mentioned the Acquiras, Tibou, Guiamba, Foin, Ayois.
Places such as Goree, Sierra Leone, Cabo Monto [Cape Mount], Cape La Hoe or Lahore on the Gold Coast, and D'Elmina ar also mentioned as points of export. In the case of the last, Dalton points out, following Hartsinck, that the people who were sent from there included the Asiantyn, Hautaschi, Fantysche, Alguirasche, Wassaches, and Akinsche countries. He mentioned also that the Fantynes were also called Annamboes, and among this nation were also found the Akinsche and the Ashantees. Dalton also mentiones the Abo and Papa, the Cormantyn and the Loango or Goango.
In a series of futher emails, I will try to shed some light on the geographical locations of the places and in some cases the history of the places mentioned and of the identity of some if not most of tribes/nations mentioned above.