AfriGeneas Brick Wall Forum
Re: Rebecca Lipscomb, Cumberland Co, VA
In Response To: Rebecca Lipscomb, Cumberland Co, VA ()
Was Rebecca ever taxed in her own name, or was Henry taxed with free people of color in his household and slaves? You could examine the tax lists from 1820 to 1825 to get an idea of when she died, as the taxes (depending on the law that year) may have been reduced after her death, because he had one less free person of color in his household who was old enough to be taxed.
Were you able to find any of the children paying taxes? I know that several of them sold the land to others, but there must have been a point between the time that Henry died and the mulatto Lipscombs inherited the land, paying taxes on their inheritance before they sold it.
What do Henry Lipscomb's estate/probate records reveal? Was his property itemized? Did the children retain the slaves Henry willed them, sell them or free them?
One other thing you might do if you haven't already done this, is determine the years when each child turned 21, then look at the tax records, deeds, court orders and minutes, loose papers or chancery records to see whether or not their names appear.
You should also look to the orphan's court (whichever court handled those proceedings at the time) to see if any of Rebecca's children were indentured (at least those who had not reached the age of majority).
I'd like to ask, did you find any of the free registers that specified the manner in which the Lipscombs established their freedom? Were they listed as Rebecca's children, was Henry mentioned as their emancipator, and did the registers include physical descriptions?
If the ones you found did not, I would suggest that you search through the court order records or court minutes, especially in the 1830's and early 1850's.
Compliance with the registration law varied in each city and county in the Commonwealth over time, and was influenced by the whites with whom each free black was connected. Thus in some areas where free blacks were well known and had the protection of influential or wealthy whites, they were not always forced to register on a regular basis. And if in your research you have found the Lipscombs registering on an irregular basis, they may have had strong connections with local families. I am speaking of the period following Henry's death.
Since there are records showing when and to whom the mulatto Lipscomb sold their land, I would suggest that you go back through the county records and examine their transactions(the purchasers) to see if they had any other interactions with the family.
One of my friends is a Lipscomb and I helped her with some of her research. I'm trying to help her complete her research so that she can get into the DAR.
I can't recall all of it now, but she had lots of oral history, and from what I've been told, learned that one of her living Lipscomb cousins has purchased some of the land originally willed by Henry. I don't know if all of the land has been 'restored' in a sense to this Lipscomb descendant, but it is my understanding that his goal is to purchase every bit of that land that he can until he owns all of the original tract.
I vaguely recall seeing the court record where the land was divided, along with the plat outlining who inherited what, and how the land was divided and sold by the descendants to others. I can connect my friend to a Sally Lipscomb, but she needs to find additional data to show that her Sally is the same Sally who inherited the land. The other problem is that my friend descends from two Lipscombs, Sally's daughter married a male Lipscomb (possibly cousins?) and we aren't sure of the maternity/paternity of the male Lipscomb.
If I learn anymore, I will share it with you.
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