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AfriGeneas Call to Action Forum

Answer The Call ~ Local NAACP

Yes We Can

Please read this in its entirety, and let your children and
grandchildren read this.

Many before us have fought for our civil rights and freedom did not come
free! The NAACP was formed in response to the 1908 race riot in
Springfield, capital of Illinois and birthplace of President Abraham
Lincoln. On February 12, 1909, the NAACP was founded in New York City by
six progressive minded people to include W.E.B. DuBois. The NAACP is
THE oldest civil rights organization with over 600,000 members and has
been working in the trenches for justice for 100 years!!!

Many ask what has the NAACP "done for me lately" and do we still need
the NAACP. Yes we do. With God's blessings the NAACP continues to work
while many are asleep.

The following are just a few NAACP highlights.

1909 - Current

1909
On February 12th The National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People was founded by a multiracial group of activists, who answered
"The Call," in the New York City, NY. They initially called themselves
the National Negro Committee. FOUNDERS Ida Wells-Barnett, W.E.B.
DuBois, Henry Moscowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villiard,
William English Walling led the "Call" to renew the struggle for civil
and political liberty.

1910
In the face of intense adversity, the NAACP begins its legacy of
fighting legal battles addressing social injustice with the Pink
Franklin case, which involved a Black farmhand, who unbeknowingly killed
a policeman in self-defense when the officer broke into his home at 3
a.m. to arrest him on a civil charge. After losing at the Supreme Court,
the following year the renowned NAACP official Joel Spingarn and his
brother Arthu r start a concerted effort to fight such cases.

1913
President Woodrow Wilson officially introduces segregation into the
Federal Government. Horrified that President would sanction such a
policy, the NAACP launched a public protest.
1915
The NAACP organizes a nationwide protest D.W. Griffiths
racially-inflammatory and bigoted silent film, "Birth of a Nation."
1917
In Buchanan vs. Warley, the Supreme Court has to concede that states can
not restrict and officially segregate African Americans into residential
districts. Also, the NAACP fights and wins the battle to enable African
Americans to be commissioned as officers in World War I. Six hundred
officers are commissioned, and 700,000 register for the draft..
1918
After persistent pressure by the NAACP, President Woodrow Wilson finally
makes a public statement against lynching.
http://www.naacp.org/about/history/timeline/index.htm#timeline
1920
To ensure that everyone, especially the Klan, knew that the NAACP would
not be intimidated, the annual conference was held in Atlanta,
considered one of the most active Klan areas.
1922
In an unprecedented move, the NAACP places large ads in major newspapers to present the facts about lynching.
http://www.naacp.org/about/history/timeline/index.htm#timeline
1930
The first of successful protests by the NAACP against Supreme Court
justice nominees is launched against John Parker, who officially favored
laws that discriminated against African Americans.
1935
NAACP lawyers Charles Houston and Thurgood Marshall win the legal battle
to admit a black student to the University of Maryland.
1939
After the Daughters of the Revolution barred acclaimed soprano Marian
Anderson from performing at their Constitution Hall, the NAACP moved her
concert to the Lincoln Memorial, where over 75,000 people attended.
http://www.naacp.org/about/history/timeline/index.htm#timeline
1941
During World War II, the NAACP leads the effort to ensure that President
Franklin Roosevelt orders a non-discrimination policy in war-related
industries and federal employment.
1945
NAACP starts a national outcry when Congress refuses to fund their own
Federal Fair Roosevelt Employment Practices Commission.
1945
Kerr v. Enoch Pratt Free Library argued by Charles H. Houston creating
the " Kerr Principle". A Baltimore library refused to admit Louise Kerr
to a training program because she was black. Not that it had=2 0anything
against blacks, but its patrons did.. When Kerr launched a civil suit
against the library alleging a violation of equal protection of the
laws, the courts credited the library?s claim that it had no racist
purpose, but Kerr still prevailed. The Kerr principle forced us to
address when and why is the state responsible for enabling exclusive
preferences, whether by an overextended applicable rule that assist them
or by state inaction that fails to block them.
1946
The NAACP wins the Morgan vs. Virginia case, where the Supreme Court
bans states from having laws that sanction segregated facilities in
interstate travel by train and bus.
1948
The NAACP was able to pressure President Harry Truman to sign an
Executive Order banning discrimination by the Federal government.
http://www.naacp.org/about/history/timeline/index.htm#timeline
1951
December 25, Harry T. Moore was killed when a bomb was placed beneath
the floor joists directly under his bed; his wife, Harriette, died nine
days later.
1954
After years of fighting segregation in public schools, under the
leadership of Special Counsel Thurgood Marshall, the NAACP wins one of
its greatest legal victories in Brown vs. the Board of Education.
1955
NAACP member Rosa Parks is arrested20and fined for refusing to give up
her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Noted as the
catalyst for the largest grassroots civil rights movement, that would be
spearheaded through the collective efforts of the NAACP, SCLC and other
Black organizations.
http://www.naacp.org/about/history/timeline/index.htm#timeline
1960
In Greensboro, North Carolina, members of the NAACP Youth Council launch a series of non-violent sit-ins at segregated lunch counters. These
protests eventually lead to more than 60 stores officially desegregating
their counters.
1963
After one of his many successful mass rallies for civil rights, NAACP's
first Field Director, Medgar Evers is assassinated in front of his house
in Jackson, Mississippi. Five months later, President John Kennedy was
also assassinated.
1963
NAACP pushes for the passage of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act.
1964
U.S. Supreme Court ends the eight year effort of Alabama officials to
ban NAACP activities. And 55 years after the NAACP's founding, Congress
finally passes the Civil Rights Act.
1965
The Voting Rights Act is passed. Amidst threats of violence and efforts
of state and local governments, the NAACP still manages to register more
than 80,000 voters in the Old South.
1979
The NAACP initiates the first bill ever signed by a governor that allows
voter registration in high schools. Soon after, 24 states follow suit.
http://www.naacp.org/about/history/timeline/index.htm#timeline
1981
The NAACP leads the effort to extend The Voting Rights Act for another
25 years. To cultivate economic empowerment, the NAACP establishes the
Fair Share Program with major corporations across the country.
1982
NAACP registers more than 850,000 voters, and through its protests and
the support of the Supreme Court, prevents President Reagan from giving
a tax-break to the racially segregated Bob Jones University.
1985
The NAACP leads a massive anti-apartheid rally in New York.
1987
NAACP launches campaign to defeat the nomination of Judge Robert Bork to the Supreme Court. As a result, he garners the highest negative vote
ever recorded for a 1989 Silent March of over 100,000 to protest U.S.
Supreme Court nominee.
1989
Silent March of over 100,000 to protest U.S. Supreme Court decisions
that have reversed many of the gains made against discrimination.
http://www.naacp.org/about/history/timeline/index.htm#timeline
1991
When avowed20racist and former Klan leader David Duke runs for US Senate in Louisiana, the NAACP launches a voter registration campaign that
yields a 76 percent turn-out of Black voters to defeat Duke.
1992
The number of Fair Share Program corporate partners has risen to 70 and
now represents billions of dollars in business.
1995
Over thirty years after the assassination of NAACP civil rights
activist, Medgar Evers - his widow Myrlie, is elected Chairman of the
NAACP's Board of Directors. The following year, the Kweisi Mfume leaves
Congress to become the NAACPs President and CEO.
1997
In response to the pervasive anti-affirmative action legislation
occurring around the country, the NAACP launches the Economic
Reciprocity Program... And in response to increased violence among our
youth, the NAACP starts the "Stop The Violence, Start the Love'
campaign..
1998
Supreme Court Demonstration and arrests
http://www.naacp.org/about/history/timeline/index.htm#timeline
2000
TV Diversity Agreements. Retirement of the Debt and first six years of a
budget surplus. Largest Black Voter Turnout in 20 years
2000
Great March. January 17, in Columbia, South Carolina attended by over
50,000 to protest the flying of the Confederate Battle20Flag. This is
the largest civil rights demonstration ever held in the South to date.
2001
Cincinnati Riots. Development of 5 year Strategic Plan.
the NAACP takes a stand during the Cincinnati riots. Kweisi Mfume,
NAACP President and CEO states " More than anything else, it has been 20
to 25 years of neglect, of frustration, of profiling, of a second-class
feeling in Cincinnati." Many major organizations boycotted Cincinnati
and did not hold conventions there until the 99th NAACP covention.
Going forward race relations in the city have improved.

Also . . . .

2006 The reauthorization of the Voting Rights Act was successfully
accomplished in 2006 per NAACP input.

2007
NAACP supports Federal Program to improve children's access to
healthcare nationwide.

2007
NAACP opposes Bush's proposed 2008 Buget The budget proposal put
forth by President Bush for fiscal year 2008 reflects priorities that do
not serve the poor, ethnic and racial minorities or the basic needs of a
majority of Americans. The NAACP will continue to fight for more federal
funding for public education, health care access and quality, crime
prevention, job training and job creation, small business promotion, the
protection of our basic civil rights and liberties, energy assistance
and continued assistance for those whose lives were devastated by
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005 ..

2007
Though he pleaded guilty to dogfighting charges, the Atlanta Branch
of the NAACP takes a stand against the vilification and persecution of
Michael Vick by PETA, the media and others, before he pleaded guilty.The
NAACP took a stand and communicated to the NFL that Michael Vick should
be allowed to return to the NFL, after serving his sentence in July 2009
for his role in a dogfighting operation.

2008
Benjamin Jealous is elected new NAACP President and CEO. Youngest
leader ever says the organization must shift its mission from achieving
civil rights to attaining human rights for all..

2009
NAACP urges President Obama to ensure that funds to help financial
institutions preserve accountability of those who discriminated in
lending.

After years of unrelenting struggle, the NAACP affirms the commitment to
the true American Dream - an integrated society rich in diversity and
open equally to all. The struggle continues and the NAACP invites all
Americans to stand with us - Native-American, Black, White, and
Hispanic, young and old, Jew and Gentile, male and female.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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