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African-Native American Research Forum Archive

Free-Colored v. Slaves in Indian Territory

I often wonder how these two classes of people treated each other although they BOTH (free and enslaved) were considered FREEDMEN on the Dawes rolls. Did the free-colored own property while the slaves did not? Also the free-colored were usually considered mixed blood because their fathers were usually their slave owner.

It does appear to me that the Dawes rolls was used for the distribution of land and not to determine blood degrees because there IS documentation of the mixed blood of some freedmen and based on that fact, these freedmen should have been placed on the by blood section of the rolls. Before the Dawes rolls there was no separation of families although freedmen and mixed bloods that I can see.

comments please, thanks!!!


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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