African-Native American Genealogy Forum
Re: Cherokee Chief Moves to Remove Cherokee citize
In Response To: Re: Cherokee Chief Moves to Remove Cherokee citize ()
I was able to locate the Guion Miller (Eastern Cherokee Payment) applications for Bird Walk and his half brother Harrison Coleman. I am unsure which, if either of these two men you descend from, but this is what I found:
Bird Walk states in his application #6227 (and a supplemental application #9333) that his Cherokee name is either Chequa A-tu-he (9333) or Chequachee Atauhee (6227). I am assuming he was trying to say Bird in Cherokee with Chequa and Chequachee, but neither word means Bird, but is close. Ji-squa is the Cherokee word for bird. A-tu-he and Atauhee are both very close for the Cherokee word for walker or walkabout. The word is correctly spoken as e-do-he (short e, long o). Bird Walk states in 9333 that his father was Walkingstick and when Col. Will Thomas issued a quit claim deed to him his name was changed to John Walk. Bird states in 9333 that his mother was Rebeca Coldman. In 6227 he states her name was Rebecca Coleman. He says in both applications that he was married to Mary J. Walk. In 9333 he says he was born in North Carolina, but gives no date. He says his father died in 1878 and his mother was still living at the time of the application in 1906. He says he himself was enrolled by Joseph G. Hester at Qualla Town in 1883. He lists his only siblings as Nancy Walk, living at the time of the application and John Walk, assumed to be dead. In correspondence to Guion Miller, Bird Walk denies that he or his family were ever held as slaves or bound to white people. Which contradicts the statement given by his half brother Harrison Coleman.
Bird states in 6227 and 9333 that he is a resident of White Pine, Tennessee. In 6227 he says he was born in Jackson County, North Carolina on October 25, 1853. He lists his parents as John Walk or Atauhee, who was born at Rabbit Creek, Arkansas and died in February 1878. He lists his mother as Rebecca Coleman, born in Jackson County, North Carolina and living at the time of the application, or at least the last time he heard from her nine months earlier.
The Reference card for 6227 states: Applicants mother Rebecca was a slave. Applicant probably a slave as a brother a year younger was. Hester enrolled appl. 994, but must have made a mistake. Misc. Test. 1725.
Misc. Test. 1725 is the sworn testimony of Harrison Coleman who stated that he was born in Swain County, North Carolina to Cow-see-yoh-kee an Indian and his mother was colored and a slave of Mark Coleman, as was he. He adds that his Indian blood was proven in the Court of Chancery under Judge Manley.
Bird Walk states in 6227 that his first wife was Eliza Johnson, he married her when she was 22 years old in October 1883 in Henderson, North Carolina. He lists the following children, but does not say if they are by his first wife or his second wife Mary:
Nanie Hope, born 7/15/1886 of unsound mind
The Miller application #12989 of Harrison Coleman states that his Cherokee name is Coos and his father was Coo-soo-ye-gih Littlejohn and his mother was Rebecca Coleman. He lists his siblings as Nancy Walk, John Walk, Bird Walk and Saunook Littlejohn. He lists his paternal grandparents and his paternal aunts and uncles, all in the Cherokee language. He talks about the council fighting his rights in the Eastern Band, even though his blood was proven in court.
The Miller application #17204 of Saunooka Littlejohn lists Coos Littlejohn as his father and Betsy Persimmoncarrier as his mother. He lists a number of siblings, all in the Cherokee language, but he does not list Harrison Coleman as a brother, either as an English name or a Cherokee name. That is not unusual, as Saunooka Littlejohn was full blood and might not have considered children born of his father to a different mother as siblings, since they would either have a different clan or have no clan at all. Or, the controversy surrounding the Coleman's might have prompted him to not include a sibling that could prevent him from getting the payment. We may never know.
This is a fascinating family. I would love to see the court records from the Chancery Court where Harrison claims his parents testified as to his Indian blood. If you can tell me where to find them, please let me know.
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