African-Native American Genealogy Forum
Re: Please Help!
In Response To: Re: Please Help! ()
You are correct. Certain whites adopted in the Cherokee Nation were placed on the Cherokees by blood section of the Dawes Roll because of the laws that endowed them with citizenship. Some were married to Shawnees and had treaty rights similar to the Freedmen through the Shawnee agreement of 1869 and the 1866 amendment to the 1839 Cherokee Constitution. There are several whites on the By blood section who descend from the Revs. Evan and John Butterick Jones. These two men, father and son, hand rendered great service to the Cherokee people and immediately following the Civil War, they and their descendants were made citizens of the Cherokee Nation forever. And there are the descendants of Joseph Hardin Bennett, who purchased his citizenship in the Cherokee Nation in 1877. He had married a Cherokee Indian woman prior to 1875 and would have been listed as an intermarried white. However, his right to citizenship changed. His two Cherokee Indian daughters appear on the by blood roll. However, his Cherokee wife died and he later fell in love with a white girl. If he married her, he would lose his Cherokee citizenship and thus, his land holdings and trading post. He would be an intruder and expelled from the Nation. The Cherokee legislature adopted a law which allowed upstanding white men to purchase citizenship for $500 (a lot of money in that day). Mr. Bennett was the ONLY white man to do so. All of his children and grandchildren living at the time of the making of the Dawes Roll are listed on the Cherokees by Blood section of the Roll. The Dawes Commmission came to the conclusion that Mr. Bennett had purchased "BLOOD RIGHTS" in the Cherokee Nation. Many of his descendants are now enrolled in the Cherokee Nation thanks to the victory in the Lucy Allen case. Bennetts descendants will remain in the Cherokee Nation due to the wording of the amendment, while their benefactors, the Freedmen are expelled.