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African-Native American Genealogy Forum

Re: Lies and Misrepresentations About the freedmen

No, the history of the Seminoles is not perfect at all. The Seminoles are not really a "distinct" tribe. But rather, they were comprised of Creeks, Miccusokees, Scottish colonists, and runaway African slaves. Given the mixture, the historical relationship between "Seminoles" and African slaves was not one of perect harmony. However, during the last decades of the Seminole Wars, there were times when the African slave escapees were clearly allies to the "Seminoles" who were really a mixed group genetically.

I was referring to the Oklahoma election. I now live in Florida, and I know the Seminole Tribe of Florida did not have a formal election to revoke tribal membership of the freedmen or mixed-blooded African Seminoles. I have seen the Florida Seminoles, and some of them are clearly part African. As an Arizona Native, I can also tell you that some of the Seminoles resemble the Hopis from Keams Canyon near the Four Corners Area. The Seminoles are mixed.

But the Seminoles of Oklahoma held a formal election to remove the freedmen, and I know the freedmen countersued and won. But the Florida Seminoles never had a formal election like that. As for the "1/4" membership, I find that difficult because they are often based on inaccurate enrollment records. Someone who is perceived as 1/2 or 3/4 could really be only 7/16 if DNA analysis is done. A person who qualifies as "full-blooded" is likely more in the 90-95% like the Navajos who often claim "full-blooded" (rather arrogantly I might add) but are really part Spanish. DNA studies have already revealed the reality of Native blood quantum being intermixed. Historians from UC Davis and New Mexico have found foreign DNA markers among supposedly full-blooded Natives in the southwest. Personally, I don't have a problem with Natives being mixed because it is good for the gene pool. Otherwise, inbreeding would occur, and genetic defects would follow. Unfortunately, the Zunis do have a problem with inbreeding in New Mexico and suffer from related illnesses as a result. I was saddened to learn that as an adult because many of them had been my friends in childhood.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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