African-Native American Genealogy Forum
Re: Amon B. ANDERSON/Newspaper Account
In Response To: Amon B. ANDERSON/Newspaper Account ()
Preston & Allen,
Today I got the newspaper article. It is rather long so I will just put in some of what was said..dated 5/7/95
Indian boy survives raid then census error helps him avoid Trail of Death
The pioneers were moving west in 1800. That same year, an Indian boy, age 12, "winters," witnessed the death of his family and the death of most of his village in what would become Lawrence County, Ill.
Ezekiel Cole, the Indian boy who was spared in the raid, was taken to South Carolina by a white man with the last name of Anderson.
There Ezekiel took the last name of Anderson himself and spent his growing-up years. As a young man, Ezekiel joined the US Army under Andrew Jackson.
Jackson, who later became president, was given the task of defeating the Creek Indians in Alabama. Ezekiel Anderson was one of the soldiers who fought there in 1812 in the Battle of Horsehoe Bend.
After his military experiences were over, Ezekiel met and married a young woman named Winnie Gowan.
Winnie was mixed ancestry, and when they moved back to Lawrence County, Ill., in 1820, both were identified on the US Census as "colored."
This mistake in the racial designation of Ezekiel Anderson proved to be advantageous for him. Indians were feared and hated at that time, while colored people were considered harmless.
Messages In This Thread