Congratulations for stepping back out there and continuing the struggle. I have to agree with Preston that there are contradictions in your data that need to be addressed before facts can be established. If I may present a few more that require attention.
This info is on two different queries of yours:
"...Stories are told that he was a Cole and his parents were killed in a Indian raid and William Allen took him in."
"...People that took him in were John Anderson b. 1827 IL. Frances (Fanny)Allen b. 1 May 1831 in OH d. 29 Jun 1917."
If you take a little more time to examine discrepancies and cross reference sources you probably will be able to solve this question yourself. It's not going to be easy but you've made great leaps since the Taboru/Taborn Indians query.
I'm still curious if you were able to examine that photo and tell if the lady in the white dress was your grandmother?