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AfriGeneas Slave Research Forum

Re: Linking slave descendants and slaver descendan


Thank you for your suggestion.
In a very preliminary conclusion after searching through numerous data bases and documents, I tend to agree what you and others have hinted at that in rural regions Germans seem generally to have been anti-slavery.

I am aware that among early settlements in New York there is still a lot of material that needs to be inspected. I have talked to a researcher of the Huguenot Historical Society in New Paltz who seems to have done very interesting work on the local slave history.

Another, not fully explored area that I want to focus on are the trading and merchant families who may not even have lived on the North American continent and may not readily be identifiable as German. One example I was made aware of just very recently is Heinrich Carl Schimmelmann (1724-1782). He had built a very significant triangle trade from his home base near Hamburg. He later moved to Copenhagen.

Based on a posting that I found on soc.genealogy.west-indies from 9/27/1997 Schimmelmann could have brought salves to St. Croix, in today's US Virgin Islands. At the time that was part of the Danish kingdom and according to the posting I found a governor by the name of Ernst Schimmelmann who held slaves on his Constitution Hill plantation.

Further research shows that Ernst Schimmelmann was the son of Heinrich Carl Schimmelmann, was finance minister of Denmark and was considered the richest man in his country. His family may have had also a controlling hand in the Danish trading posts in Africa, such as Fort Frederiksborg (Kmpopo) and Fort Christiansborg (near Accra) from which they procured slaves for the West-Indies.

So far I have not been able to locate the person who made the posting in 1997. She is a descendant of a slave held by Ernst Schimmelmann and lives now in Iceland.

Historic research conducted both in Germany and Denmark refers to large sugar plantations owned by the Schimmelmanns. It will be interesting to explore this further.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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