Reconstruction Period Research Forum
Black Laws of Virginia#7
This is the seventh posting of the "Black Laws of Virginia." These laws were originally published in 1936 by Whittet & Shepperson and these Law have been printed several times by others. The last known printing was the fourth printing 1996 by Willow Bend Books, by June Purcell Guild - compiled by Karen Hughes White & Joan Peters.
Over the course of several months, I will share some of the "Black Laws of Virginia" with this group. It is important; if you are doing
Below are the Black Laws or Black Codes" of Virginia - continuing with the section on "Taxes, Civil Rights and Duties of Negroes and Others."
* Year 1642 - Act I - All freemen that are hired servants shall
* Year 1657 - Act XLVI - It is enacted that all male servants
* Year 1662 - Act XIII - Whereas, divers persons purchase women
* Year 1668 - Act VII - Negro women though permitted to enjoy
* Year 1676 - Act VII - The act which forbids freemen to have
* Year 1680 - Act VII - The act deems it too hard and severe for children, Christians as well as slaves, imported into the colony to be liable to taxes before they are capable of working. It is accordingly enacted that Negroes shall not be tithable until twelve years of age and no Christian servant before fourteen years, former laws or customs notwithstanding.
* Year 1682 - Act II - Indian women servants sold to the English are to pay levies in like manner as Negro women.
* Year 1723 - Chapter IV - All free Negroes, mulattoes, and
* Year 1748 - Chapter XXI - All male persons of the age of sixteen years and over and all Negro and Indian women of the same age, except tributary Indians, and all wives of free Negroes and Indians are tithable and chargeable for defraying the public and parish levies, except such as the county courts for charitable reasons shall excuse. Owners of imported children, being servants or slaves, shall bring them to court and have their age adjudged and recorded.
* Year 1814 - Chapter 1 - This act imposes taxes on land, property and slaves, and makes all male free Negroes above sixteen years subject to a poll tax of $1.50, except those bound out as apprentices.
* Year 1814 - Chapter XX - In case any free Negro or mulatto shall neglect in any year to pay all taxes, poor rates, and levies, he may be hired out for so long a time as will raise the said taxes, provided sufficient cannot be raised on this estate, and provided the Negro has been first summoned to show cause, if any, against making such order.
The above laws and acts were amended as time went on, but this is an
In two weeks, I will continue with a few more laws from "Black
Char McCargo Bah, professional genealogist/historian