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Reconstruction Period Research Forum

Some 1866 Wilkes Co., GA Freedmen's Records

Ancestry Images #156-206
Washington, GA Complaints & Trials

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
Jan 12, 1866
#39

Francis (Armstrong), Freedwoman
Vs
Abraham Armstrong, Freedman
Type: Matrimonial Complaint

The parties having appeared and after hearing the complaint of Francis that her husband, who has lived with her for several (years) and by whom she has five children, now woshes to abandon her and her children. It is ordered that Armstrong, take and support his wife and children, and to regard her and no other woman as a wife, while she lives. Which decision Abraham promises faithfully to abide by.

B. Maguire, Agt.

**Dawn's Notes:
(1870 Census Washington, Wilkes Co., GA
Abraham Armstrong 48 M B Farm Laborer b. GA
Frances Armstrong 40 F B Farm Laborer b. GA
John Armstrong 19 M B b. GA
Henrietta Armstrong 12 F B b. GA
Archibald Armstrong 7 M B b. GA
Dinah Armstrong 3 F B b. GA
Joseph Andrews 21 M B Farm Laborer b. GA)

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
Mar 7, 1866
#55

Love Burns, Freedwoman
Vs.
Jack Burns
Type: Complaint that her husband has abandoned her and taken up with another woman.

The parties having appeared and after a careful hearing and investigation of the case, the court has adjudged that Defendant Jack burns must recognise Love Burns as his faithfu wife, and as he persists in the determination of not living with her, we have taken the obligation from him, for the sum of five dollars per month, to be paid to the Agent of the Freedman's Bureau, monthly. Which amt. will be turned over to Plantiff for the support of herself & child. 1st payment due 1st day of April 1866 ~ and further that he pay the costs in this case $5.00

B. Maguire, Agt.

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
Apr 25, 1866
#73

Medora (Smith), Freedwoman - wife
Vs.
Jerry Smith, Freedman - husband
Type: Assault & battery

The parties having appeared before me and upon a careful hearing of the case, the court finds Jerry Smith, Freedman, Guilty of a violent assault & battery upon the person of his wife Madora. To which charge the Deft. pleads guilty the Court therefore sentences him to six days imprisonment in the Common Jail and that he be not discharged until such expenses and costs be paid.

Brien Maguire, Agt.

*Dawn's Note (1870 Census Dist 165, Washington PO Box, Wilkes Co., GA
They are living next-door to a white farmer named James A. Smith age 28.
Jerry Smith 35 M B Farm Laborer b. GA
Medora Smith 30 F B Keeping House b. GA
Stephen Smith 10 M B b. GA
Maria Tuck 60 F B Ret.(ired) Farm Laborer b. GA)

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
May 5, 1866
#76

Seaborn Smith, Freedman
Vs.
Emily Smith, his wife
Type: Matrimonial Complaint

The parties having appeared in Court and after hearing the evidence the Court decides that Emily is legally the wife of Seaborn and must regard herself as such, and on failure of her doing so that Mr. James Smith, her employer, has the priveledge of discharging her from his employment without any compensation for the time she has worked.
This 5th day of May 1866
Brien Maguire, Agt.

*Dawn's Notes (1870 Census Dist 164, Wilkes Co., GA
Seaborn Smith 35 M B At School b. GA
Dinah Smith 26 F B Keeping House b. GA
Infant Smith 0mon M B b. GA born in May
Osborm Pettus 90 M B Ret(ired) Farm Laborer b. GA
Lucy Stokes 80 F B Ret(ired) Domestic Sevt. b. GA

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
May 7, 1866
#77

Polly Matthews, Freedwoman
Vs.
Welcome Matthews
Type: Assault & Battery, Whipping

Welcome Matthews now comes forward and states the cause of his not appearing in compliance with summons to be sickness. He now gives Bond & Security in the sum of one hundred dollars for his appearance at the first term of the County Court. Pays the cost in this case - $2.50

Brien Maguire, Agt.

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
May 19, 1866
#83

Becky West, Freedwoman
Vs.
Willis West, Freedman
Assault & Battery

The parties having been summoned now appear in Court and after hearing the evidence in the case we find Defendant to be guilty of the charge to wit. assaulting and beating in a most violent manner his wife Becky and the Court orders that Willis West, Freedman be confined in the Common Jail of the County for the term of ten days and that he pay jail expenses & costs of this case.

Brien Maguire, Agent.

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
May 21, 1866
#85

Alick Binns, Freedman
Vs.
Wife, Adaline Binns & Dick Wingfield, Freedman
Type: Adultery

The parties appeared in Court in conformity to summons. The Defendants plead guilty to the charge to wit of Adultery. Wherefore the court orders that Adaline Binns, Freedwoman be place in solitary confinement in the Dungeon of the Jail of the County for the term of twenty days and that she pay the jail expenses & cost of court and that Dick Wingfield, Freedman be confined in the Common Jail of the County for the term of Thirty days and fed on bread and water every six days alternately and that he pay his jail expenses and costs of court.

Brien Maguire, Agt.

*Dawn's Notes (1870 Census Dist 175, Wilkes Co., GA
Alexander Binns 28 M B Farm Laborer b. GA
Adeline BInns 26 F B b. GA)

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
May 26, 1866
#90

Lydia Hill, Freedwoman
Vs.
Thomas W. Hill
Type: Assault & Battery

Affadavit having been made and subpoena issued, the parties now appear in Court, and when asked, Defendant pleads guilty to the charge to wit of assault & battery on th eperson of Lydia Hill, Freedwoman. Wherefore the Court orders that Defendant give Bond in the sum of one hundred dollars for his appearance at the first term of County Court after organization.

Brien Maguier, Agent

*Dawn's Notes (I think the assaulter may have been her possible slave owner. I have no proff, it's just a hunch.
1870 Census Dist 167, Wilkes Co., GA
Thomas W. Hill 30 M W Farmer $6500 $3000 b. GA
Mary Hill 21 F W Keeping House b. GA
Sarah M Hill 2mon F W b. GA

There are three black familes named Hill immediately preceeding Thomas' in the census:

Family #1

Samuel Hill 50 M B b. GA
Elizabeth Hill 50 F B b. GA
Tobias Hill 22 M B b. GA
Eliza Hill 13 F B b. GA
Willis Hill 5 M B b. GA
Samuel Hill 4 M B b. GA

Family #2

Noah Hill 40 M B b. GA
Maryann Hill 33 F B b. GA
Margaret Hill 13 F B b. GA
Randal Hill 12 M B b. GA
John H Hill 3 M B b. GA

Family #3

Allen Hill 30 M B b. GA
Lydia Hill 31 F B b. GA
ANderson Hill 14 M B b. GA
Joseph Hill 7 M B b. GA)

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
May 26, 1866
#91

Thomas W. Hill
Vs.
Tempy Hill, Freedwoman
Type: Assault & Battery

Affadavit having been made, and subpoena issued, the parties now appear in Court, and after a careful investigation of the evidence offered and the confession of the Plantiff, which the Court has taken in coviting? it is ordered therefore that the Plantiff be committed to the Common Jail of the County to await her trial at the first term of the County Court, after its organization. Unless she give Bond & security on the sum of One Hundred Dollars for her appearance at said Court.

May 26, 1866
Brien Maguire, Agent

(Note in Margins) - Tempy Hill gives Bond & Security this day and is released from confinement. July 1st 1866 - B. Maguire, Agt.

*Dawn's Notes (1870 Census Dist 177, Wilkes Co., GA
Burrell Hill 30 M B b. GA
Hannah Hill 38 F B b. GA
Susan Hill 12 F B b. GA
Milo Hill 1 M B b. GA
Tempe Hill 25 F B b. GA
Bailey HIll 9 M B b. GA
Milo Hill 1 M B b. GA)

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
#100
June 12, 1866

Mary Ann Foreman, Freedwoman
Vs.
Daniel Foreman, Freedman
Type: Complt. for Support

The parties having been summoned now appear in Court. Plantiff complains that she is supporting two children, and that Deft. if the Father of them, and will render no assistance whatever towards their support, and Defendant says that the conduct of Plantiff as a wife & mother has been the cause of him neglecting his children, and positively asserts, that he will never regard the Pltff. as his wife again. Wherefore the Court orders that Daniel Foreman, Freedman give monthly for the support of his children, three dollars worth of provisions, and on failure to do so that he be fined at the discretion of the Court.

B. Maguire, Agt.

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
Aug 15, 1866
No #121

Nelly Chenault, Freedwoman
Vs.
Edmund Chenault, Freedmen
Type: Assault & Battery

Affadavit having been made and warrant issued Deft. is now brought into Court, and on Examination confesses that he did on two occassions whip his wife. The Court taking into consideration the provocation given orders that Edmund be confined in the Common Jail of the County for the space of Twenty Four hours, and that he pay the costs of this cases and jail expenses.

Aug 17, 1866
Brien Maguire, Agt.

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
Sept 21, 1866
No 138

Harriet Favor, Freedwoman
Vs.
Alfred Favor, Husband
Type: Assault & Battery

Defendat having been arrested pleads guilty to the charge to wit, of beating and choking his wife. Wherefore the Court orders that he be confined for the space of two days in the Common Jail of the County and that he pay a fine of ten dollars and the jail expenses and costs of this case.

Oct 1, 1866
Brien Maguire. Agt.

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA
Sept 21, 1866
No 139

Susan Dyson, Freedwoman
Vs.
William Dyson, Husband
Type: Assault & Battery

The Parties having appeared in Court and on investigation I find that the provocation given by Plantiff was a justification of the assault & battery, and dismiss the case at Defendant's cost.

Oct 1, 1866
Brien Maguire, Agt.

Freedmen's Records
Georgia - Complaints - 1865-1866
Washington, (Wilkes Co.) GA

Nov 1, 1866
No #149
Francis Booker, Freedwoman
Vs.
Thomas Booker, Freedman
Type: Matrimonial Abandonmint

The Parties having been only summoned now appear in Court and after a careful investigation of the case, I find that Defendant did not abandon Plantiff until about the 1st of April 1866, and that previous to that date the Legislature of this State passed a law confirming the marriage relation with parties living together as man & wife at the time of the passage of the act. It is therefore ordered that Tom Booker and Francis Booker must continue to regard each other as Husband & Wife.

Brien Maguire, Agt.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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