Source: Freedmen Bureau Records of Field Offices, 1865-1872
Georgia - Other - 1867-1868
Columbus, Muscogee Co., GA
Sept 25, 1868
Alfred Durden states that he is & has been in the employ of Charles Gray of Marion Co. during the present year. That on Saturday last, Sept 19th, a son of Mr. Gray threatened to shoot him if he attended a Radical meeting or voted a Radical Ticket. Counseled him to keep quiet and vote as he pleased.
Oct 22, 1868
Cupid Harrison complains that he has been discharged by his employer, a man by the name of Smith, in the Eastern part of Muscogee Co., because he attended a Radical Meeting on the 17th inst.
Oct 24, 1868
There are many complaints made by the colored people from the county (Muscogee) that their employers threaten to discharge them if they vote the Radical Ticket at the coming election. My counsel to one and all is to vote whatever ticket they see fit and leave the consequences to the future
Nov 3, 1868
A large number of colored voters from Chattahoochee Co. came to this city (Columbus) to vote for Presidential Electors, but were denied the privilege of doing so, it being against the 2nd Sec., 2nd Article of the Geo. Constitution. Still a number of voters from outside this Co. (Muscogee) did vote here, and it is not known that a Democrat from any county was prohibited voting.
Nov 7, 1868
The Agent is confident there has been as many as twenty-five colored people in the Office since the Election of the 3rd inst., complaining that they have been discharged because they voted or attempted to vote the Republican Ticket. In Chattahoochee Co., the votes are threatened with an attack from the Black Horse Company, a body of men that formerly performed the acts that are now attributed to the K.K.K.'s. The Company originated in the Southern part of Chatt(ahoochee) & the Northern part of Stewart Counties. I have seen a person that as beaten by human beings in Dec 1866, and in June 1867, he was unable to walk.
Nov 10, 1868
There have been several cases reported in this office since the Election in which colored people have been discharged by their employers without receiving their stipulated wages. The most difficult cases are those where land was worked on shares and the crops are still in the possession of the proprietors of the land. Where parties are willing to leave their differences to arbitration most cases are readily settled, but when it becomes necessary to institute proceedings at law, the cases are nearly hopeless.
Nov 30, 1868
Early in the season, Sept & Oct, the Agent of the Bureau endeavored to incite the Colored people of his district to establish school in the county. A colored man in the north part of Muscogee Co. commenced one with fifteen children, but at the suggestion of some older persons, suspended it until after the Election in Nov. on account of the political excitement. The school is still suspended.