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AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive

Re: Confederates of Color
In Response To: Re: Confederates of Color ()

Mr. Phillips:

I'm glad you asked those questions, and I think I have some answers for you:

"The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That whenever colored persons are employed in any regiment or company, they shall be entitled to the same pay now allowed by law to soldiers regularly enlisted."

-April 15, 1862
The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series IV, Vol. 1, Page 1059.

This is a noticible difference between their USCT counterparts, who served in segregated units, and recieved less pay than their white counterparts. In reference to confederate records, one of the best sources for black confederates is confederate pension records. I believe Tennessee is one of the better sources for this information:

99.9999% of the time, confederate service records do not indicate the ethnicity of the individual in that unit. This is why it's easy to assume that all confederate soldier's were white.

In regards to Official Federal Records, I found something else of interest:

"The forces attacking my camp were the First Regiment Texas Rangers, Colonel Wharton, and a battalion of the First Georgia Rangers, Colonel Morrison, and a large number of citizens of Rutherford County, many of whom had recently taken the oath of allegiance to the United States Government. There were also quite a number of negroes attached to the Texas and Georgia troops, who were armed and equipped, and took part in the several engagements with my forces during the day."

-Lt. Col. Parkhurst's Report
9th Michigan Infantry
Murfreesboro, TN, July 13, 1862
United States Government Official Records,
Series I, Vol XVI Part I, pg. 805

If you have any more questions, please feel free to contact me.

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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