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AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive

Guardianship - Pension - USCT

Looking through a few pension files for the United States Colored Troops, I noticed that when the men or their minor heirs did eventually receive their pensions, guardians were required. The guardian was usually the last slave owner or one of the slave owner's descendants.

How much control did the men or their heirs have over their pensions?


John Culver went blind while serving with the 58th Regiment, USCI. He received over $9500 after fighting with the military board about whether he went blind before or during the war. His file contained over 300 pages. Some of the pages discussed who spent or had control over John's money. George McNeill, the last slave owner, was John's guardian. When asked, George was clueless as how the money was spent.

King Anding of the 6th Regiment, USCHA, died before the war was over. He and his Widow, Nancy Anding Johnson, had one child Stephen Anding. Prentiss Buie, son of the last slave owner of Nancy's husband Calvin Johnson, filed as guardian for the pension of King's minor heir. Prentiss was granted the pension.

Was this a way for the former slave owners to recupe some of their lost?

"Remembering Their Names"

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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