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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

Free Adams family of Washington County, Maryland

I've made some progress in finding records for my Jacob Adams born, say 1750 who is head of a free family of 10 Other Free persons in Washington County, Maryland. In 1795 Jacob advertised in the Washington Spy a piece of land containing 250 acres for sale 2 miles from the Potomac on Licking Creek. The sale was left in the hands of Denton Jacques Esq. of Fort Frederick Furnace. Denton Jacques owned slaves.

In 1783 Jacob is found on the Washington County Supply Tax list not far from Denton Jacques and Moses Rawlings. Jacob also appears to have served under Moses Rawlings in the 1st Maryland Regiment during the Revolutionary War. No race is indicated.
Jacob Adams also joined together more than 5300 acres of unsettled land grants and had it surveyed under the name of Golden Fleece. While the original warrant survey didn't hold up to that number of acres there is today a Golden Fleece Estates at or near Hancock Maryland. The piece was patented by someone else.

There is some kind of relationship between Jacob Adams. His son Jacob Jr. was born in Maryland c1780. Jacob Jr. named a son Denton.

I'm looking for information about people enslaved by Denton Jacques as well as his uncle Lancelot Jacques. The Jacques family was also in business with Thomas Johnson, the first Governor of Maryland who was the uncle of Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams wife of John Quincy Adams. Thomas Johnson was an enslaver. While the presidents did not enslave people they did hire those enslaved by others.

Jacob was awarded a military lot in what is now Garrett County MD but I don't believe he settled it.

Jacob Adams is the same person listed in Free African Americans of Maryland and Delaware.

When Jacob left Maryland he went to what is now Greene County Pennsylvania and purchased lots in the town of Waynesburg that he didn't settle. The deed names his wife as Mary. He voted in early Greene County elections. He landed in court in 1802 charged with a nuisance. The case landed in the hands of the Pennsylvania State Congress where they declared Ten Mile Creek a public highway up to the mill of Jacob Adams near Waynesburg.

I'm looking for more information on this Adams family in Maryland. I believe Jacob had three sons born in Maryland - Abraham b abt 1768, Jacob b 1780 and Isaac b 1783.

Are there any Adams researchers that can help in finding Jacob's parents or enslaver?

Thanks for any help you can provide.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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