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AfriGeneas Free Persons of Color Forum

Re: Estate Inventory of John Conner, Free African

There was a white woman named Elizabeth Connors who had a "mulatto Bastard Child" in York County, Virginia, in 1710, and was ordered to serve another 5 years as penalty for having a child by a "Negro." She was apparently the mother of Lewis, Mark and James Conner who moved down to Craven County, North Carolina, where they were landowners by 1760 and heads of "other free" households by 1790.

This was a common route for free African Americans as was their birth. Over 1,000 such children were born to white women in Virginia and Maryland during the colonial period.

The families from Virginia and North Carolina often made their way to South Carolina. The minutes of the vestry of Saint David's Parish in South Carolina (published by Brent Holcolm) lists the indenture of "free mulattoe" Joseph Conner on 1 July 1777, and a James Conner (no race indicated) was also bound out in 1777.

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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