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African-Native American Research Forum Archive

Re: What's the difference between authenticated an

The status of the Freedmen in Indian Territory was a constant issue for the nations of Indian Territory. There are a variety of census records that were taken on the Freedmen from as early as 1867 in the Creek Nation up until the Dawes Commission begain its official process in 1898.

In the Cherokee Nation in 1880 there was another such enumeration of Freedmen taken. This list of names collected became known as the 1880 List of Authenticated Cherokee Freedmen. During the Dawes Commissio that began 18 years later many of the Freedmen who were adults by 1898 who applied for enrollment had already had their names listed on this 1880 list.

Note that a major issue in the Cherokee Nation was whether or not the Freedmen who was applying for enrollment was truly a Freedmen or descendant of a former slave who had returned to the Cherokee Nation by 1866. The Treaty of 1866 provided for the adoption of the former Cherokee Slaves. The Freedmen applying through the Dawes Commission had to prove that they had some longevity in the nation. Part of that proof was the fact that they had been in the nation in 1880 when the list of Authenticated Cherokee Freedmen was created. In one sense this strenghtened their case for enrollment and for their entitlement to a land allotment in the nation.

Admitted Freedmen were those who were admitted to the nation officially by the Dawes Commission. The approval of their application gave them status of now being considered
"admitted freedmen" Note that there were other enumerations also taken. The Wallace Rolls (of Cherokee Freedmen)were produced but were later rejected by the Cherokee Nation and were not used for verification by the Dawes Commission.

[12 Sep 1999]

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What's the difference between authenticated and ad
Re: What's the difference between authenticated an

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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