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African-Native American Research Forum Archive

Re: Where are the enrolled freedmen?

Number one you have to remember these tribes came from the deep south and fought with the confederates. After the Civil War on a spectrum with regard to "tolerance" of recently freed African Americans the Seminoles Creeks and a very small amount of Cherokees immediately adopted the freedmen as tribal members following the Civil War. Unlike the Seminoles however the Creeks and Cerokees obstructed the political and social equality of their African American citizens. This placed them in the middle of the spectrum because their tribal laws precluded any African American political or social participation; the Chickasaws never admitted their former slaves and the Choctaws only did it reluctantly.

The final rolls shows the entire list of Freedmen admitted to each nation. There were approximately 5 000 admitted to citizenship in four nations (Cherokee Choctaw Chickasaw Creek) and about 2 000 freedmen admitted to the Seminole Nation. because of the close relationship between Seminoles and Africans many ofthe Africans were eventually admitted to the Rolls by Blood.

You can see a copy at the Archives or a FHL in your area you should also look at the 1900 Indian Territory census for Indians.

[31 Jul 1999]

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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