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African-Native American Genealogy Forum

Re: Racism in Creek Nation-Tiger Family

Greetings Art,

You reminded me of the articles I began posting in 1903 titled "This Week in Indian Territory" which consisted of a newspaper index to stories concerning "freedmen" in the territory. Of particular interest were some concerning the Creek Nation and the issues concerning "race" among that tribe.

What you say has much truth to it which is amazing when viewed through the lens of today and how the so called freedmen have been determined not to possess Creek or Indian blood. One article was interesting because the author made it a point to demonstrate how the Creek Nation had become essentially a black tribe. So it is almost beyond belief that those in power today have distanced themselves from the true history of the nation to reconstruct a myth of "blood purity" that eliminates any semblance of "African/black" blood within the present day people of the nation.

I thought it would be useful to revisit that thread because in the course of a short three years much has changed since the original post.

It should also be noted that back when the Dawes Commission was compiling a list of CITIZENS for land allotment a theft of Creek records occurred that could have had a significant bearing on the issue of "Creek Freedmen" who possessed "Creek blood" and would negate the issue of blood quantum pertaining to those who are seeking enrollment "by blood" today.

August 24, 1883
Platform of Loyal Creek Indians and Freedmen: We hereby agree to keep faith with the Government and other nations in all treaty stipulations and desire to preserve our nationality and hold our lands in common as Treaty of 1866 provides.
Robert Grayson, Chairman, Samuel H. Lowe, Secretary

August 13, 1896
The names of over 17,000 negroes have been stricken from the Creek Nation citizenship rolls, in accordance with the decision of Chief Justice Adams.

September 2, 1898
The enrollment of the Creek Negro freedmen and Negroes who reside in the Creek Nation, at the first enrollment by Dunn in 1867 and their descendants, will take about one third of the Creek lands, as per the Dawes Commission enrollment.

September 14, 1901
The colored population are on hand anxious to be enrolled. Some full bloods have refused to enroll and the United States Courts have troops standing by, under Captain Donaldson to force them to enroll as was done in the Creek Nation last year, if it becomes necessary.

March 17, 1904
…The prejudice against the Negro is less severe among the Creeks and Seminoles because many of the members of these tribes have Negro blood in their veins.

July 23, 1904
The Dawes Commission has completed the roll of lost and missing Creek freedmen. There are on the rolls 5,160 names of persons supposed to be in the Creek Nation who cannot be located. It is believed most of them are dead.

November 20, 1908
The legend of the beginning of the Negro-Creek. Some eighty years ago the Creeks in the eastern part of Alabama were strong enough to protect the runaway slaves. Amulgamation (sic) of the races naturally followed producing the Negro-Creek.

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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