African-Native American Genealogy Forum
Re: NDN Descendant Unveiled ~ Long but worth it!
In Response To: Re: NDN Descendant Unveiled ~ Long but worth it! ()
You read it right, and those are not my words but the words of the attorney for the "mixed blood African Native American's" he was representing for their citizenship rights.
It is a very fine legal argument that the treaty of 1866 implicitly is accepting those "current" freedmen and their children as recipients to citizenship in the nations.
Yet as I read his argument, it is stating that the folks who are clamoring for citizenship today would not necessarily be allowed that citizenship because they are not the original adoptees. Fascinating eh?
You might also be surprise to know the "freedmen" suffered no illusion of being a citizen. They felt that by the birth in the only nation they knew, they derived their citizenship at birth.
They were not content to let the nations dictate how, and where they should live, and they formed associations to protect their rights. Unfortunately with the avarice of the mixed bloods and whites the "freedmen" where politically ineffective. One thing I will say about them, the "freedmen associations were more organized than we are.
They could not match the nations (Choctaw/Chickasaw) dollar for dollar and therefore could not afford to lobby congress to fulfill the terms of an ambiguous treaty (Fort Smith 1866.)
These freedmen petitioned to be removed in 1868 to the leased district, but because the U.S. was not about to give these black folk a "country" of their own, nor a state for that matter, they again failed to receive the justice that was articulated in the treaty.
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