Thought I'd pass a little more from my notes. The following author associates all surnames in this topic with the Melungeon culture. Perhaps there is an explanation to the structured migration of similar surnames via a Quaker/Melungeon association? Just something to be considered at this point. The article also discusses Child Stealing as a constant hazard and vocation of the slave market. I'll include the excerpt as a source to consider. I don't believe Allison would have been considered part of the Melungeon culture. Also, John Cole in the Cuzzie Anderson, John Cole article, lived to be about 100 yrs old. He would have been of age to parent Ezekiel. I still have no hard evidence, just interesting things. If we can find him before 1814 it would be a great accomplishment.
MALUNGU: THE MBUNDU-AFRICAN ORIGIN OF THE AMERICAN MELUNGEONS
by Tim Hashaw
“…The petition bore the Melungeon surnames of Morris, Going, Coal, (Cole) Bird, Portee, Anderson, and Jones, 17 in all, as well as prominent white supporters from Fairfield County. The legislative response to the petition was drawn out and the effect was that almost all of the petitioners had moved out of South Carolina into western Kentucky within three years. By 1797 many of these families were settling on the Wabash River in the territory now made up of present-day Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and part of Minnesota..
In the book “Contributions in Black and Red”, Jacqueline Cortez wrote,…
“…Some of the earliest settlements in Indiana Territory were founded by Negro men and women. Thomas Coles of Lyle Station, Indiana was a prominent farmer. The residents of Pink Staff and Ft. Allison Illinois can trace their ancestors as far back as 1800. They emigrated from Kentucky, South Carolina, North Carolina and Tennessee. Most of these residents are a mixture of Negro, Indian and Caucasian.”
These mixed Melungeon trailblazers; Allison, Morris, Anderson, and Tan built Ft. Allison and served as scouts in the War of 1812.”