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AfriGeneas Slave Research Forum

Re: Slaves in Ohio / Anna Barnhill


That's an interesting story and chilling indeed. For the favor of returning Anna Barnhill, the conveyor could expect a whole 1 cent *and* twenty lashes. That is comical IMO. Who in their right mind would do this, even if prejudiced against people of color? I bet this odd fellow did not stir *any* interest in the return of this young woman. His tone in the ad suggests he had mixed feelings about her return. Perhaps his wife put him up to placing the ad, but he made sure no one would answer it ...?

Art mentioned the NW Ordinance prohibited slavery, it also prohibited indentured servitude. But these prohibitions did not prevent slavery and indentured servants, in fact and deed North of the Ohio. In Indiana a few slaves are counted in the census as late as 1850. One can also find evidence of slaves in these states through probate papers and deeds.

There was a clause in the NW Ordin. that exempted slaves owned by the colonial French. This exclusion tended to have the effect of making citizens and legislators believe there was room to negotiate and interpret Art. VI of the ordinance to fit their own preferences.

I'd suggest looking at the census for the man who held Anna. Did he hold other people also? And where did he come from? This might help you find her kin.


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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