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AfriGeneas Slave Research Forum

Re: Slave Narratives - Julia Jackson White AR

State: Arkansas Interviewee: White, Mrs. Julia A.
3003 Cross St., Little Rock, Ark.
Age 79

My father was named James Page Jackson because he was born on the old Jackson plantation in Lancaster county, Virginia. He named one of his daughters Lancaster for a middle name in memory of his old home. Clarice Lancaster Jackson was her full name. A man named Galloway bought my father and brought him to Arkansas. Some called him by the name of Galloway, but my father always had all his children keep the name Jackson. There were fourteen of us, but only ten lived to grow up. He belonged to Mr. Galloway at the time of my birth, but even at that, I did not take the name Galloway as it would seem like I should.

1860 slave schedules
45 Male Black James B Galloway Big Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Age Gender Race Name of Slave Owner Home in 1860
(City,County,State) View Image

51 Female Black Richard Galaway Ashley township, Pulaski, Arkansas
45 Male Mulatto
44 Male Black
41 Male Black
35 Female Black
33 Female Black
31 Male Black (this is probably James - since he is 42 in 1870)
29 Male Black
28 Female Black
27 Male Black
25 Male Black
24 Male Black
24 Male Black
23 Male Black
22 Female Black
21 Male Black
17 Female Black
15 Female Black
15 Male Black
13 Female Black
10 Female Mulatto
10 Male Black
8 Female Black
5 Male Black
3 Female Black
2 Female Black
2 Male Black
2 Male Black

James Galloway is only listed as owning one slave - so I
believe he was owned by Richard plus Richard Galaway is listed in 1860 census as being born in VA, as is his wife Mary.

Name: Richard L Galoway
Age in 1860: 40
Birthplace: Virginia
Home in 1860: Big Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Gender: Male
Post Office: Little Rock
Roll: M653_49
Page: 157
Year: 1860
Head of Household: Richard L Galoway

My father was a good carpenter; he was a fine cook, too; learned that back in Virginia. I'll tell you something interesting. The first cook stove ever brought to this town was one my father had his master to bring. He was cook at the Anthony House. You know about that, don't you? It was the first real fine hotel in Little Rock.

Name: James Jackson
Age in 1870: 42
Estimated Birth Year: 1827
Birthplace: Virginia
Home in 1870: Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Race: Colored
Gender: Male
Post Office: Little Rock
Roll: M593_62
Page: 282
Image: 561
Year: 1870
Occupation White washer

Wife Angeline 40
Son James W 19 teacher
Daughter Mary 15
Son William 14
Daughter Julia 11
Son Gustus 6
Daughter Alline 4
Daughter Cornelia 1
Also in household Mollie Armstead 6

About the siblings:

"Allene married a minister and did missionary work. Cornelia was a teacher in Dallas, Texas. Mary was a caterer in Hot Springs. Clarice went to Colorado Springs. Colorado and was a nurse in a doctor's office. Jimmie was the preacher, as I told you. Gus learned the drug business and Willie got to be a painter. Our adopted sister, Molly, could do anything, nurse, teach, manage a hotel. Yes, our parents always insisted we had to go to school. It's been a help to me all my life. I'm the only one now living of all my brothers and sisters."

"My mother came from a fine family, - the Beebe family. Angeline Beebe was her name. You've heard of the Beebe family, of course. Roswell Beebe at one time owned all the land that Little Rock now sets on."

Slaveowner Roswell Beebe (mis-spelled in index 1850):

Name: Roswell Buter
Age: 54
Estimated birth year: abt 1796
Birth place: New York
Gender: Male
Home in 1850
(City,County,State): Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Page: 360
Roll: M432_29

"I remember that the first thing my father did was to go down to a plantation where the bigger children was working, and bring them all home, to live together as one family. That was a plantation where my mother had been; a man name Moore - James Moore - owned it. I don't know whether he had bought my mother from Beebe or not. I can remember two things plain what happened there. I was little, but can still see them. One of my mother's babies died and Master went to Little Rock on a horse and carried back a little coffin under his arm. The mistress had brought mother a big washing. She was working under the cover of the well house and tears was running down her face. When master came back, he said: "How come you are working today, Angeline, when your baby is dead?" She showed him the big pile of clothes she had to wash, as mistress said. He said: "There is plenty of help on this place what can wash. You come on in and sit by your little baby, and don't do no more work till after the funeral." He took up the little dead body and laid it in the coffin with his own hands. I'm telling you this for what happened later on.
A long time after peace, one evening mother heard a tapping at the door. When she went, there was her old master, James Moore. "Angeline," he said, "you remember me, don't you?" Course she did. Then he told her he was hungry and homeless. A man hiding out. The Yankees had taken everything he had. Mother took him in and fed him for two or three days till he was rested."

Name: James B Moore
Age in 1860: 42
Birthplace: Maryland
Home in 1860: Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View image
Post Office: Little Rock
Roll: M653_49
Page: 51
Year: 1860
Head of Household: James B Moore

1860 slave schedules:

70 Female Mulatto James B Moore Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
30 Male Black
30 Female Mulatto
25 Female Black
12 Female Mulatto
8 Male Mulatto
6 Female Mulatto
5 Female Mulatto
5 Male Black
4 Male Mulatto
2 Female Mulatto
2 Male Black

After Emancipation:

A white lawyer from the north - B. F. Rice was his name - got my brother Jimmie to work in his office. Jimmie had been in school most all his life and was right educated for colored boy then. Mr. Rice finally asked him how would he like to study law. So he did; but all the time he wanted to be a preacher. Mr. Rice tell Jimmie to go on studying law. It is a good education; it would help him to be a preacher. Mr. Rice tell my father he can own his own home by law. So he make out the papers and take care of everything so some persons can't take it away. All that time my family was working for Mr. Rice and finally got the home paid for, all but the last payment, and Mr. Rice said Jimmie's services was worth that. So we had a nice home all paid for at last. We lived there till father died in 1879, and about ten years more. Then sold it.

Located only one attorney Rice from the north in Little Rock - so initials recorded here are wrong or her memory was bad:

Name: Milton L Rice
Age in 1870: 44
Estimated Birth Year: 1825
Birthplace: New York
Home in 1870: Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View Image
Post Office: Little Rock
Roll: M593_62
Page: 250
Image: 498
Year: 1870

Tragedy strikes the family:

“If you have time to listen, miss, I'd like to tell you about a wonderful thing a young doctor done for my folks. It was when the gun powder explosion wrecked my brother and sister. The soldiers at the Arsenal used to get powder in tins called canteens. When there was a little left - a tablespoon full or such like, they would give it to the little boys and show them how to pour it in the palm of their hand, touch a match to it and then blow. The burning powder would fly off their hand without burning. We were living in a double house at Eighth and Main then; another colored family in one side. They had lots of children, just like us. One canteen had a lot more powder in. My brother was afraid to pour it on his hand. He put a paper down on top of the store and poured it out. It was a big explosion. My little sister was standing beside her brother and her scalp was plum blowed off and her face burnt terribly. His hand was all gone, and his face and neck and head burnt terribly, too. There was a young doctor live close by name Deuell. Father ran for him. He tell my mother if she will do just exactly what he say, their faces will come out fine. He told her to make up bread dough real sort of stiff. He made a mask of it. Cut holes for their eyes, nose holes and mouths, so you could feed them, you see. He told mother to leave that on till it got hard as a rock. Then still leave it on till it crack and come off by itself. Nobody what ever saw their faces would believe how bad they had been burnt. Only 'round the edges where the dough didn't cover was there any scars. Dr. Deuell only charged my father $50.00 apiece for that grand work on my sister and brother.”

Checked all the physicians in Little Rock - this one is closest match:

Name: David C Denell
Age in 1870: 25
Estimated Birth Year: 1844
Birthplace: New York
Home in 1870: Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Race: White
Gender: Male
Value of real estate: View Image
Post Office: Little Rock
Roll: M593_62
Page: 210
Image: 417
Year: 1870

1880 Census Place: Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas

Source: FHL Film 1254054 National Archives Film T9-0054 Page 312B

Relation Sex Marr Race Age Birthplace
Ed V. DENELL Self M M W 39 NY

Occ: Physician Fa: NY Mo: NY
Mary C. DENELL Wife F M W 25 AR

Occ: House Keeping Fa: AR Mo: KY
Mary Ruth DENELL Dau F S W 8 AR

Fa: NY Mo: AR
David V. DENELL Son M S W 4 AR

Fa: NY Mo: AR
Minnie MOORE Other F MU 24 AL

Occ: Servant Fa: AL Mo: AL

Widowed Angeline Jackson and children in 1880:

Name: Angeline JACKSON
Age: 43
Estimated birth year:
Birthplace: Tennessee
Occupation: Working Out
Relation: Self
Home in 1880: Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Marital status: Widowed
Race: Mulatto
Gender: Female
Head of household: Angeline JACKSON
Father's birthplace: TN
Mother's birthplace: TN

She is double listed in census - counted also at place of employment with age variation:

Name: Angeline JACKSON
Age: 46
Estimated birth year:
Birthplace: Tennessee
Occupation: Nurse
Relation: Other
Home in 1880: Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Marital status: Widowed
Race: Mulatto
Gender: Female
Head of household: A. A. FONES

By 1880 Julia has moved out of the house and married (Joel seems to be second husband - her first marriage must have been brief):

Name: Julia WHITE
Age: 22
Estimated birth year:
Birthplace: Arkansas
Occupation: Keeping House
Relation: Wife
Home in 1880: Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Marital status: Married
Race: Black
Gender: Female
Head of household: Joel WHITE (22 - works in RR shop)
Father's birthplace: VA
Mother's birthplace: TN

There is a 4 year old stepson in the house hold, (can’t read name) and a 4 month old daughter Lue.

Life with husband Joel

WHITE, JOE L (1900 U.S. Census)
ARKANSAS , PULASKI, 1-WD LITTLE ROCK
Age: 44, Male, Race: BLACK, Born: AR
Series: T623 Roll: 73 Page: 96

Listed with wife Julia A 42
Daughter Mary 17
Son Eugene 15
Son Jim V 6

WHITE, JOEL R (1910 U.S. Census)
ARKANSAS , PULASKI, 1-WD LITTLE ROCK
Age: 52, Male, Race: BLACK, Born: KY (note - his birth state shifts in this record)
Series: T624 Roll: 62 Page: 31
Wife Julia A 51 (married twice - 12 children born 11 living)
Also in household niece Cleola Powell 19 b. GA

WHITE, JOEL R (1920 U.S. Census)
ARKANSAS , PULASKI, 1-WD; LITTLE ROCK; BIG ROCK
Age: 62, Male, Race: BLACK, Born: KY
Series: T625 Roll: 78 Page: 188
Wife Julia 61
Niece Julia Powell 28 in household

Name: Joel R White
Age: 65
Estimated birth year: abt 1865
Birthplace: Kentucky
Relation to head-of-house: Head
Race: Negro
Home in 1930: Little Rock, Pulaski, Arkansas
Wife Julia A 64
Niece Julia La Powell 28 in household (Julia’s age doesn’t change from 1920, and the White’s don’t age 10 years either).

From marriage till after 1930:

"Well ma'am, about how we lived all since freedom; it's been good till these last years. After I married my present husband in 1879, he worked in the Missouri Pacific railroad shops. He was boiler maker's helper. They called it Iron Mountain shops then, though. 52 years, 5 months and 24 days he worked there. In 1922, on big strike, all men got laid off. When they went back, they had to go as new men. Don't you see what that done to my man? He was all ready for his pension. Yes ma'am, had worked his full time to be pensioned by the railroad. But we have never been able to get any retirement pension. He should have it. Urban League is trying to help him get it. He is out on account of disability and old age. He got his eye hurt pretty bad and had to be in the railroad hospital a long time. I have the doctor's papers on that. Then he had a bad fall what put him again in the hospital. That was in 1931. He has never really been discharged, but just can't get any compensation. He has put in his claim to the Railroad Retirement office in Washington. I'm hoping they get to it before he dies. We're both mighty old and feeble. He had a stroke in 1933, since he been off the railroad.
How we living now? It's mighty poorly, please believe that. In his good years we bought this little home, but tares so high, road assessments and all make it more than we can keep up. My granddaughter lives with us. She teaches, but only has school about half a year. I was trying to educate her in the University of Wisconsin, but poor child had to quit. In summer we try to make a garden. Some of the neighbors take in washing and they give me ironing to do. Friends bring in fresh bread when they bake. It takes all my granddaughter makes to keep up the mortgage and pay all the rest. She don't have clothes decent to go."


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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