(Posted foriginally to AfriGeneas Forum by
Jeannine Jones-Rankins - Saturday, 18 January 2003, at 8:59 a.m. and re-posted to Slavery Research Forum)
This information was shared from the Southern Plantations mailing list for anyone searching in Bourbon,KY. (Jeannine)
Here is a list of freed slaves that had recorded last names in the manumissions records I transcribed for Bourbon County. These would have been the names they called themselves rather than ones assigned by their
owners. Sometimes they were the same as their owners but many times they were not. This list does not include people who were listed only by their first names. They may or may not have taken their owners' name after they
Brown, Richard and wife Lydia
Charlotte, Leonard, and Willa
Coney, Betsy and child Mary Ellen
Garrard, Mary Susan
Harrison, Matilda and child William
Minta, David, Samuel and Lucy
Moore, Harriet and son Moses
Smith, Martha Ann
Taylor, Lewis Franklin
Thomas, Stewart, George and Sam
Tull, John M. Jr.
Warnton, Eliza and Matilda
West, Eliza Ann
Williams, Sandford, Green Smith, Harriet Blackburn (alias Smith), her sons
James and Daniel B.
I think I might have found a way to transfer data in columnar format to an email. So I am trying this out. If the names below come to you in a columnar list, then it worked. The following names are some of the people
who were owned by Brutus Junius Clay who owned a large farm called Auvergne (still in existence; owned by the family, and in an incredible state of preservation) in Bourbon County, Kentucky. Cassius Clay who was (in)famous as an abolitionist and fighter of duels was his younger brother. Brutus owned a large number of slaves (c. 150 in 1860), some of whom he inherited
or acquired from his father or other family members. He sold relatively few so intact families are traceable from slavery to freedom in many cases.
Mary Clay Berry, who is one of his descendants, wrote a wonderful book on the Clay family that contains some great information on the slave situation in the family. The title is: Voices from the Century Before. She and I have
been working on the slave family genealogies off and on. I have asterisked the names of men who joined the Union Army during the Civil War. I have more information on many of them in connection with my research on black
Civil War soldiers from Bourbon County. The Clay papers are housed at Special Collections, M.I. King Library, University of Kentucky, Lexington.
Brutus never threw anything away so the papers are incredibly detailed concerning his farm, political life (he was a U.S. representative from Kentucky for two years during the Civil War--one of the slave-owning
Unionists), and domestic concerns. His second wife was a prolific letter writer and only had one son, upon whom she showered letters while he was attending Yale during the Civil War. These letters have a wealth of detail
about the family and their everyday affairs. Various slaves are mentioned.
Many of the slaves in the list I am sending were rented out rather than utilized on Brutus' farm; the rental contracts ran from Christmas to Christmas and were often renewed. However, Mary and I gleaned names from
all sorts of sources so some of the house and farm slaves are also on the list. We do not yet have what I would consider a comprehensive list and may
never achieve this goal. But this list includes a lot of them.
Incidentally, the muster-in rolls for the USCT troops of Kentucky are on file at the Kentucky Military History Archives of the Kentucky Historical
Society in Frankfort, Ky. These are great documents and I mined them extensively to compile my list of soldiers from Bourbon County.
Ayers, Hamp, Jr.
Turner, Sallie Fields
Clay, Mary Jane
W.S. Webb Museum of Anthropology
and Office of State Archaeology
1020A Export St.
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Ky. 40506-9854
Museum website: www.uky.edu/AS/Anthropology/Museum/museum.htm