AfriGeneas World Research Forum
Is Your Surname from Hesse?
I am attaching the URL for a fascinating article on the Black Hessians and an analysis of their surnames. The article also tells the history of drummers in world wars before the Crusades.
"Atavism may have played a role in the Africans skill with the drum: the drums for martial musical instruments was introduced to Europe by blacks from the Sahara. The ancient Greeks had attacked in phalanxes and the Romans had attacked as maniples; but the Germanic warriors had not kept step, and they and their medieval descendants fought individually as an armed rabble, each man trying to outdo his comrades to win personal glory. Such was the army of King Alphonso VI of Castile when he rode out to meet the Almoravids, who had come to the aid of the hard pressed Moslems of Spain. Then, on that fateful day at Zalluka in 1086, the dusky Almoravids advanced in step to the deafening rumble of drums, which dismayed the Christian knights and panicked the Christian horses; and Alphonso¶s reconquista was halted."