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AfriGeneas Western Frontier Forum

In Response To: Post #10 - CAAP ()

California’s African American Pioneers
Developed and Submitted by Guy Washington
National Park Service
1111 Jackson Street, Suite 700
Oakland, CA 94607
January 3, 2005

Bibliography of Source Material on African Americans in California

#1 Merikaato, Kaarina. Unpublished Notes.

#2 Daniels, Douglas H. Afro-Americans, the San Francisco Bay Area and the Golden Gate National

Recreation Area. San Francisco: The National Park Service, 1980.

# 3 Lapp, Rudolph M. Blacks in Gold Rush California. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University

Press, 1977.

# 4 Katz, William Loren. The Black West: A Documentary and Pictorial History. Garden City, New

York: Doubleday and Company, Inc., 1971.

# 5 Douglass, Frederick. My Bondage and My Freedom. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1969.

# 6 Blockson, Charles L. The Underground Railroad. New York: Berkeley Books, 1987.

# 7 Conrich, J. Lloyd. The Mammy Pleasant legend. Unpublished manuscript held at the California

Historical Society.
# 8 Davis, Sam. “Mammy Pleasant Memoirs and Autobiography,” The Pandex of the Press. Vol.I,

January, 1902.

* 9 Fraser, Isabel. “Mammy Pleasant, the Woman.” The San Francisco Call, December 29, 1901.

#10 Bennett, Lerone Jr. “The Mystery of Mary Ellen Pleasant, Parts 1 and 2”. Ebony, April, May, 1979.

#11 Thurman, Sue Bailey. Pioneers of Negro Origin in California. San Francisco: Acme Publishing

Company, 1949, reprinted 1971.

#12 Cantor, George. Historic Black Landmarks: A Traveler’s Guide. Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 1991.

#13 Quarles, Benjamin. Black Abolitionists. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.

#14 Goode, Kenneth G. California’s Black Pioneers: A Brief Historical Survey. Santa Barbara:

McNally and Loften, 1973.

#15 Beasley, Delilah L. The Negro Trail Blazers of California. Los Angeles: Times Mirror Publishing

and Binding House, 1919.

#16 Putney, Martha S. Black Sailors: Afro-American Merchant Seamen and Whalemen Prior to the

Civil War. New York: Greenwood Press, 1987.

#17 Williams, James. Life and Adventures of James Williams, a fugitive slave, with a full description

of the Underground Railroad, 4th edition. San Francisco: Women’s Union Book and Job Printing

Office, 1874.

#18 The Pacific Appeal, Vol. 1, 1862. San Francisco: R and E Research Associates, 1968.

#19 Lapp, Rudolph M. Afro-Americans in California. San Francisco: Boyd and Fraser Publishing

Company, 1987.

#20 Sherman, William Tecumseh. Memoirs of General W.T. Sherman. New York: Penguin Books,


#21 Craft, William. Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom: The Escape of William and Ellen Craft

from Slavery. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Press, 1999.

#22 Berwanger, Leugene H. The Frontier Against Slavery: Western Anti-Negro Prejudice and the

Slavery Extension Controversy. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1967.

#23 Cosad, David. Journal of a Trip to California by the Overland Route and Life in the Gold

Diggings During 1849-1850. Unpublished journal held at the California Historical Society.

#24 Blockson, Charles L. The Liberty Bell: The African American Story. Harrisburg, PA: RB Books,


#25 Bolster, W. Jeffrey. Black Jacks: African American Seamen in the Age of Sail. Cambridge,

Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1997.

#26 Crouchett, Lorraine J. Delilah Leontium Beasley: Oakland’s Crusading Journalist. El Cerrito,

California: Downey Place Publishing House, Inc., 1990.

#27 Parker, Elizabeth L. and James Abijian. A Walking Tour of the Black Presence in San Francisco

During the Nineteenth Century. San Francisco: San Francisco African American Historical and

Cultural Society, 1974.

#28 Holdredge, Helen. Mammy Pleasant’s Partner. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1954.

#29 Ravage, John W. Black Pioneers: Images of the Black Experience on the North American

Frontier. Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press, 1997.

#30 Rather, Lois. Jessie Fremont At Black Point. Oakland, California: The Rather Press, 1974.

#31 Collison, Gary. Shadrach Minkins: From Fugitive Slave to Citizen. Cambridge, Massachusetts:

Harvard University Press, 1997.

#32 Gara, Larry. The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad. University of Kentucky

Press, 1961.

#33 Pettit, Elber M. Sketches in the History of the Underground Railroad. Westfield, New York:

Chautauqua Region Press, reprinted 1999.

#34 Pogue, L.C. The African American Heritage of Yuba County 1849-1870. Marysville, California:

Computer Assist Publications, 1995.

#35 Demas, Marilyn K. Ungraded School No. 2-Colored. The African American Struggle for

Education in Victorian Sacramento. Sacramento: Sacramento Historical Society, 1999.

#36 Clappe, Louise Amelia Knapp Smith. The Shirley Letters From the California Mines 1851-1852.

Edited by Marlene Smith-Baranzini. Berkeley, California: Heyday Books, 1998.

#37 Gibbs, Mifflin W. Shadow and Light: An Autobiography. New York: Arno Press, Inc., reprinted

#38 Caesar, Clarence. “Key Points Regarding the History of Slavery in California.” Unpublished article.

#39 Jacobs, Harriet. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl/ Written by Herself with A True Tale of

Slavery by John S. Jacobs: edited with an introduction and notes by Nell Irvin Painter. New York:

Penguin Putnam Inc., 2000.

#40 Katz, William Loren. Breaking the Chains: African-American Slave Resistance. New York:

Atheneum Macmillan Publishing Company, 1990.

#41 Jacobs, Harriet A. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Writen by Herself, edited by L. Maria

Child. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1987.

#42 Luck, Wilbert H. Journey to Honey Hill. The 55th Massachusetts Regiment’s (Colored) Journey

South to fight in the Civil War that toppled the institution of slavery, 2nd edition. Washington,

D.C.: Wiluk Press, 1985.

#43 McBroome, Delores Nason. Parallel Communities: African Americans in California’s East Bay
1850-1963. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1993.

#44 Curtis, Nancy C. Black Heritage Sites: An African American Odyssey and Finder’s Guide.

Chicago: American Library Association, 1996.

#45 Daniels, Douglas Henry. Pioneer Urbanites: A Social and Cultural History of Black San

Francisco. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

#46 Wheeler, B.Gordon. Black California: The History of African-Americans in the Golden State.

New York: Hippocrene Books, Inc., 1993.

#47 Still, William. The Underground Railroad. Chicago: Johnson Publishing Company, Inc. 1970

(Originally printed in 1872).

#48 Klare, Normand E. The Final Voyage of the Central America 1857: The saga of a gold rush

steamship, the tragedy of her loss in a hurricane and the treasure which is now recovered.

Spokane, Washington: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1992.

#49 Detter, Thomas. Nellie Brown or The Jealous Wife, With Other Sketches. Lincoln: University of

Nebraska Press, 1996 (Originally self-published in 1871 in San Francisco).

#50 Bettencourt, John Black Internments Sacramento City Cemetery 1850-1910: A Survey and Study

of Black-American Burials in the City Cemetery From 1850 Past the Turn of the Century.

Sacramento, California: Sacramento City Cemetery Archives, 1992.

#51 Ripley, C. Peter, ed. The Black Abolitionist Papers, vol. IV. Chapel Hill: The University of North

Carolina Press, 1991.

#52 Palmer, George W. The Pioneer Family Gooch/Monroe. Coloma, California: Marshall Gold

Discovery State Historic Park, 2002. Unpublished essay, including attached documents, written by

park docent.

#53 Switala, William J. Underground Railroad in Delaware, Maryland and West Virginia.

Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2004.

#54 Sterling, Dorothy. Speaking Out in Thunder Tones: Letters and Other Writings By Black

Northerners, 1787-1865. New York: De Capo Press, Inc., 1998.

#55 Billington, Monroe Lee and Roger D. Hardaway. African Americans on the Western Frontier.

Niwot, Colorado: University Press of Colorado, 1998.

#56 Drew, Benjamin. A North-Side View of Slavery, The Refugee: Or The Narratives Of Fugitive

Slaves In Canada Related By Themselves, With An Account Of The History And Condition Of

The Colored Population Of Upper Canada. Boston: John P. Jewett and Company, 1856

#57 Skinner, Byron R. Heritage Tales-1983: Sixth Annual Publication of the City of San

Bernardino Historical and Pioneer Society. San Bernardino, California: City of San Bernardino

Historical and Pioneer Society, 1983.

#58 Marc Primus, ed. Monographs of Blacks in the West: Number 1, Manuscript Series.

San Francisco: San Francisco African American Historical and Cultural Society, Inc., 1976.

#59 Yellin, Jean Fagan. Harriet Jacobs A Life. New York: Basic Civitas Books, 2004.

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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