Re: Booker T. Washington and Hawaii
It's one of the positions where Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Dubois agree, ironically while Dubois was critiquing Washington.
W.E.B. DuBois Critiques Booker T. Washington
"...This triple paradox in Mr. Washington’s position is the object of criticism by two classes of colored Americans. One class is spiritually descended from Toussaint the Savior, through Gabriel, Vesey, and Turner, and they represent the attitude of revolt and revenge; they hate the white South blindly and distrust the white race generally, and so far as they agree on definite action, think that the Negro’s only hope lies in emigration beyond the borders of the United States. And yet, by the irony of fate, nothing has more effectually made this programme seem hopeless than the recent course of the United States toward weaker and darker peoples in the West Indies, Hawaii, and the Philippines,—for where in the world may we go and be safe from lying and brute Force?"
Source: W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (Chicago, 1903).