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AfriGeneas Western Frontier Forum

In Response To: Re: THE FAR-FAR WEST ()

My contribution for today:

Atlantic Islanders
"In 1850 there were twenty-seven Azores-born men resident on Nantucket. All but five had Massachusetts-born wives and some were approaching their twentieth wedding anniversaries. Most of their families were large, with seven or eight children at home. Forty-five more men from the Azores were serving on Nantucket whaleships.10 Two of the Azorean men living on land were identified as nonwhite as were five of the men onboard ships. The 1850 federal census categorized the other sixty-five Azoreans as white.

...In view of their different histories and their profoundly different languages, it is hardly surprising that this confusion has injured the pride of Cape Verdeans and annoyed Azoreans.on Nantucket and off-island as well. More potent than geographical ignorance has been racial stigma. Azoreans have dreaded the assumption that they share any African heritage with Cape Verdeans. They make much of the Flemish and the putative Breton background of the Azorean population without acknowledging that among the early settlers of the Azores were also some Sephardic Jews, Iberian Muslims, and African slaves."

“A Dangerous Theorist”:
Romanzo Adams and
The Professional Rhetoric of Race
Lori Pierce
Wabash College
September 10, 2001

"Atherton DuPuy described encountering the ethnic diversity of modern Honolulu:
[O]ne in ten is conventional Anglo-Saxon pink, one in ten is of a darkness beyond
that of the American Indian and with no yellow glow back of it. These are
Hawaiians. There is a sprinkling of Latins - swarthy Portuguese from the Azores.
But the mass of the population shows the yellow of the Orientals - Chinese,
Japanese, Korean, Filipino- each with distinctive traits but each also postmarked,
as it were, on that other fringe of the Pacific. All of these wear American clothes
(there is not a pigtail in Honolulu) and disport themselves much as do Natives of
Vermont or Virginia, but their skins are yellow. And the young people are blends
of these, emerging blithely from the melting pot and setting forth impudently to
find what life under a western flag has to offer.16"


HLA in the Azores Archipelago: possible presence of Mongoloid genes.

Bruges-Armas J, Martinez-Laso J, Martins B, Allende L, Gomez-Casado E, Longas J, Varela P, Castro MJ, Arnaiz-Villena A.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital de Santo Espirito de Angra do Heroismo, Azores.

The HLA profile of the Azoreans has been compared with those of other world populations in order to provide additional information regarding the history of their origins. The allele frequencies, genetic distances between populations, correspondence analyses and most frequent haplotypes were calculated. Our results indicate that the Azorean population most likely contains an admixture of high-frequency Caucasoid, Mongoloid and, to a lesser degree, Negroid HLA genes. The middle Atlantic Azores Archipelago was officially colonized by the Portuguese after 1439 and historical records are concordant with the existence of Caucasoid and Negroid population. However, Mongoloid genes were not suspected, but the Oriental HLA haplotypes A24-B44-DR6-DQ1, A29-B21-DR7-DQ2 and A2-B50-DR7-DQ2 are the fourth, fifth and sixth most frequent ones in Azores. A correspondence analysis shows that the Azorean population is equidistant from Asian and European populations and genetic distances are in some cases closer to the Asian than to European ethnic groups, and never are significantly different; also, B*2707 subtype is found in Asians and Azoreans (but not in Europeans) and the same Machado-Joseph Disease founder haplotypes (Chr 14) are found in both Japanese and Azoreans. It is proposed that a Mongoloid population exists in Azores; whether, the arrival occurred prior to discovery is undetermined.

PMID: 10551418 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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