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AfriGeneas States Research Forum

Re: [TX] Progress of a Race

Crogman, Progress of a Race ( 1920; reprint, 1969), contains nine brief biographies of Texans in a volume of national scope.

Histories of blacks in individual counties or urban areas include Delta Sigma Theta Sorority , A Pictorial History of Austin, Travis County, Texas' Black Community, 1839-1920 ( Austin, 1970); James Smallwood, A Century of Achievement: Blacks in Cooke County, Texas ( Gainesville, Tex., 1975); Walter F. Cotton , History of Negroes of Limestone County from 1860-1939 ( Mexia, Tex., 1939); Doris Hollis Pemberton, Juneteenthat Comanche Crossing ( Austin, 1983), which focuses on Limestone and surrounding counties; W. A. Redwine, Brief History of the Negro in Five Counties ( Tyler, Tex., 1901), reprinted in the Chronicles of Smith County,Texas 11 (Fall 1972), which primarily describes Smith and Rusk counties; and John Mason Brewer, An Historical Outline of the Negro in Travis County ( Austin, 1940). Because a full-scale history of slavery in Texas has not been written, it would be valuable to have a book that incorporated some of the approaches used in the general histories of American bondage by John Blassingame, David B. Davis, Eugene Genovese, and Kenneth Stampp. A good brief survey is James Smallwood, "Blacks in AntebellumTexas: A Reappraisal," Red River Valley Historical Review 2 (Winter 1975). Important collections of original materials on slavery are Ronnie C. Tyler and Lawrence R. Murphy, eds., The Slave Narratives of Texas ( Austin, 1974), and George P. Rawick, ed., The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, 42 vols. (Westport, Conn., 1972-1979), which includes eleven volumes of accounts by Texas slaves.
Assumptions of white racial superiority and the resulting desire for control over black people, as described in general studies by Winthrop Jordan and George M. Frederickson, combined with a demand for labor to create slavery and racial discrimination in Texas and throughout the rest of the Americas. Studies that explore such views include Billy Don Ledbetter, "White over Black in Texas: Racial Attitudes in the Antebellum Period,"Phylon 34 ( December 1973); Jerry Berlyn Cain , "The Thought and Action of Some Early Texas Baptists Concerning the Negro," East Texas Historical Journal 13 (Spring 1975); Reba W. Palm, "Protestant Churches and Slavery in Matagorda County," East Texas Historical Journal 14 (Spring 1976); and Mrs. David Winningham, "Sam Houston and Slavery," Texana 3(Summer 1965). Two essays that describe the judicial treatment of slaves as paternalistic are A. E. Keir Nash, "The Texas Supreme Court and Trial Rights of Blacks, 1845-1860," Journal of American History 58 ( December 1971); and "Texas Justice in the Age of Slavery: Appeals Concerning Blacks and the Antebellum State Supreme Court," Houston Law Review 8 ( January 1971).
The transportation of slaves into Texas is described in Eugene C. Barker, "The African Slave Trade in Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 6 ( October 1902), and Fred Robbins, "The Origin and Development of the African Slave Trade in Galveston, Texas, and Surrounding Areas from 1816 to 1836," East Texas Historical Journal 9 ( October 1971). There still remains a need to

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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