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[AL] Record Collections at Ancestry

Alabama Death Record of State Convicts, 1843-1951 - Death records for Alabama state convicts who died while either a prisoner in custody or on parole are in this database. The records are ordered chronologically and in the 1908–1951 records chronologically and then alphabetically. The state prison system was first organized in 1839, prior to that all criminal punishment was conducted on a town level by either local citizens or a county official. The prison system was actually meant as a way to reform the local treatment of criminals. During the Civil War almost all convicts were pardoned and released; afterwards incarcerated prisoners were leased out to work at repairing railroads and during the late 1800s at coal mining, saw mills, and turpentine stills, which aided the state’s economy. The early 1900s saw laboring prisoners working in cotton mills and road construction; this was the beginning of portable “road camps.”

Alabama Convict Records, 1886-1952 - Anyone researching ancestors who spent time in the Alabama state prison system between 1889 and 1954 should find this database invaluable.

The collection includes two series of records created by government boards responsible for the oversight and care of prisoners during that period. One set was created as convicts were admitted into a state prison; the other monitored county convicts who were admitted into the state prison system. The collection includes both indexes and the records themselves. Entries can provide extensive details on the convict, sentencing, and time and conduct in prison. For example, you may find: name, alias, serial number, race, gender, age, county where convicted, sentence details, date when received, information on escapes or parole, discharges, date, cause, and place of death. Some entries may also provide details on occupation, physical condition, and health. Records can be searched by name, county, birth year, race, and gender.

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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