GENEALOGY: Early Ohio Tax Records a good place to start Ohio research
By Tamie Dehler
TERRE HAUTE — Early Ohio Tax Records, by Esther Weygandt Powell, was originally published in 1971 by the Ohio Genealogical Society. An all-name index followed in 1973. Now in 2008, these valuable resources for researchers of early Ohio settlers have been combined into one volume and reprinted for the third time by the Genealogical Publishing Co. for distribution through the Clearfield Co.
Only the 1800 and 1810 censuses for one Ohio county – Washington – have survived. So this publication was created to take the place of Ohio’s lost pre-1820 census information. It includes a county-by-county listing of each county’s oldest tax list(s) from 1801 to 1825. Overall, 75 Ohio counties are included with at least one early tax list. This enumerates about 50,000 settler names. Information was not available for 13 of Ohio’s counties: Auglaize, Carroll, Erie, Fulton, Lake, Lucas, Morrow, Noble, Ottawa, Paulding, Summit, Vinton and Wyandot. However, the author does include some information on the early settlers of these missing counties in the form of a brief county history and a list of some of the earliest settlers (taken from county histories).