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Re: [VA] Guidance researching in Caroline Cnty ?

Although I haven't yet gone to Caroline County, I continue to research the family of Walker Taliaferro/Tolliver (parents Walker Taliaferro & Patsy Williams; grandmother Letty Flippo/Letty Hart). The younger Walker Taliaferro married his first wife Nancy Dudley (parents Preston Dudley & Sally Reynolds) about 1875 in Caroline County, VA. Their known children include Julia, Lula, & Henry. By 1890 Walker had moved to Harrisburg, PA where he lived with his second wife, Hattie Wise Taliaferro/Tolliver of Chambersburg, PA.

The on-line transcription of the 1866 Caroline County list of African Americans married or cohabiting identifies the "last owner." These and other documents may exist in archives of the Freedman's Bureau. I've read that the National Archives is currently digitizing Freedman's Bureau records. Military records, sometimes including names of parents & spouse, might also exist for African American Union soldiers. Using the marriage/cohabitation chart, I tried searching only for the surname "Chiles" resulting in the list below that includes the name & age of the freed person, along with the name of the last known slaveholder. DeJarnette/DeJarnett is the most common slaveholder name associated with freed persons in Caroline County who have Chiles surname, followed by William Thornley & James White. There were also slaveholders with Chiles surname.

Sometimes early vital records documenting births, marriages, & deaths of freed persons may include information about their parents, spouses, or descendants. You can look in county records for court documents pertaining to slaves purchased or inherited by members of slaveholder families. It sometimes helps to look at early census records to know the neighbors who might also be relatives or business partners. If you know the names of slaveholders, you can find them in 1850 or 1860 slave schedules. Knowing the ages of their slaves in 1870 or in 1866, gives an approximate year of birth to help you when you try to match known ancestors to "slave property" listed only by gender, age, & color. I've tried below to indicate the link to this document, which has been posted before on Afrigeneas.

Andrew Chiles, 25 (A. DeJarnette)
Benjamin Chiles, 59 (George Coleman)
Benjamin Chiles, 24 (Luther Wright)
Charlotte Chiles, 40 (William Thornley)
Daniel Chiles, 38 (Thomas Gatewood)
Frances Chiles, 52 (James T. White)
Frances Chiles, 23 (William Thornley)
Lethe Chiles, 46 (Maria Allen)
Richard Chiles, 67 (Daniel DeJarnette)
Mary Chiles, 18 ( Addison Long)
Moses Chiles, 38 (Daniel DeJarnett)
William Chiles, 27 (J. H. DeJarnett)
Willis Chiles, 47 (J. H. DeJarnette)
Winston Chiles, 49 (James J. White)

Best wishes to you in your family history research project!

18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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