Re: Senate Rpt - Negro Exodus from So. States PT 2
S. Rpt Doc. No. 693, 46th Cong., 2nd Sess. (1879)
(Testimony of Henry Adams - pg. 117, cont.)
[By Mr. Windom]
Ques. What was generally the reason they gave for going away?
Ans. A great many of them stated that "I have been working ever since I pretended to be free" -- some would say "pretended to be free," and others would say "ever since I have been free" -- and I never have got nothing of any account, but every year I come out in debt," ... and if I attempted to leave the place, everything that I have would be taken away from me, and I would go off with nothing.
Ques. Was that to go off from one place, from one plantation, to another?
Ans. Yes, to go off to any other plantation.
Ques. What were they?
Ans. In the parish of Caddo, on Red River, there is Reuben White, a well-known farmer there.
Ques. Is he a colored man?
Ans. No, he is a white man, and a rich man. He have two plantations on Red River, to my knowing. And I knowed the man that knowed him in slave times, that belonged to him, and have been with him, and been working on the plantation ever since he was there - the old man Logan Low. He has a son named Tim; and then an old man named Dickson, if I recollect the names right now, ... and when they went away, year before last, they swept the last thing from them, and never allowed them to carry away nothing, nothing more than their wearing clothes.
Ques. Where were they going - to Kansas?
Ans. No; only from his place to another place.
[ By Mr. Vance: ]
Ques. Can you recollect the name of the man who took their property ?
Ans. Yes; his name is Reuben White.
Ques. What is the name of the colored man?
Ans. Logan Low is one, and Dickson is one.