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Reconstruction Period Research Forum

Senate Report - Negro Exodus from Southern States

Initial Cause of Investigation: Migration of a few hundred "colored" people from North Carolina to Indiana in the 1870's.
There were allegations that the immigration into Indiana was politically motivated by the Republican Party.
The investigation expanded to include testimony from hundreds of individuals on the 'reasons' for the migration. Some of the witnesses give detail descriptions of the conditions within their localities, treatment of 'the Negro' (outrages and intimidation), and their opinions on why the 'Negro' should or shouldn't leave the South.

Both Pap Singleton and Henry Adams appear as witnesses in PartII. Henry Adams presents his extensive 'report' on outrages. He provides a list of over 600 names of people who were victimized or killed in LA and MS.
The detailed report can be read at many large Public or University Libraries - Government Division. Sen Rpt 693 contains three parts.

Senate Report 693, 2nd Session, 46th Congress

Proceedings of the Select Committee of the United States Senate to Investigate the causes of the Removal of the Negroes from the Southern States to the Northern States
[Sessions held at Washington, beginning Tuesday, March 9, 1880]
Part I



(Partial)List of Witnessses:

Joseph ADAMS (col), Goldsborough, NC
W.W. ARRINGTON (col), Republican (Nash Co., NC)
Sayles J. BOWEN (col), Washington, D.C.
J.W. CROMWELL, Washington, D.C.
Ellis DICKSON (col), Green County, NC
Hilliard ELLIS (col), farmer, Wilson Township, Wilson Co., NC
W.G. FEARING (col), laborer in Treasury Dept., Washington
Lewis H. Fisher (col), merchant; residence, Kinston, Lenoir Co., NC
Napoleon HIGGINS (col), farmer, Goldsborough, NC
Milton M. HOLLAND (col), Washington D.C.
John O. KEILY ? (col), Raleigh, NC
Wiley LOWERY (col), Kinston, Lenoir Co., NC
Charles N. OTEY (col), Washington, D.C.
Samuel L. Perry (col), NC
Green RUFFIN (col), Wilson Co., NC
Mingo SIMMONS (col), Greene Co., NC
John B. SYPBAX (col), Justice of peace, Alexandria, VA
O.S.B. WALL (col), Washington City, D.C.
C.S. WOOTEN, Lenoir Co., NC
W.H. WOODS, barber, Indianapolis
Mr. WARNOCK, Greencastle, Indiana
Scott RAY, Shelbyville, Indiana
S.W. RIGNEY, farmer, Vigo Co., Indiana
Gen. G.W. RUSS, adjutant-general, Indianapolis
J.H. RUSSELL, undertaker, Indianapolis, Ind
M.W. STACK, chief of police, Terre Haute, IND
Wm M. Stevenson, Dr., Terre Haute
Robert VAN VALZER, Terre Haute, Ind
Thomas L. TULLOCK, assistant postmaster, Washington, D.C.
William B. TINNEY, Indianapolis, Ind
F.A. ARNOLD, newspaper publisher of Star, Greencastle, Ind
R.C. BADGER, lawyer, office-holder in NC
James E. BAKER, land clerk in auditor's office, Indianapolis
J.A. BONITZ, Democratic editor Goldsborough Messenger, NC
E.B. BORDER, Goldsborough, NC
C.W. BROUSE, Indianapolis, Indiana
James BUCHANAN, Indianapolis, Indiana
A.B. CARLETON, lawyer, Terre Haute, Indiana
W.C. CHASE, Washington, D.C.
A.M. CLAPP, Washington, D.C.
J.C. DANE, Richmond, VA
J.W. DODD, Indianapolis
John P. DUKEHART, Baltimore, MD; business
Hughes EAST, grain dealer, Indianapolis
F.B. FIELDS, La Grange, Lenoir Co., NC
T.C. GROOMES, lawyer, Greencastle, Ind
Leonard G.A. HACKNEY (democrat), Shelbyville, Shelby Co., Indiana
T.E. HOCKER, Greene Co., NC
Albert J. KELLY, Terre Haute, Ind
George S. KEONTZ, local passenger agent Baltimore & Ohio RR, Washington D.C.
John E. LAMB, Terre Haute, Ind
F.B. LOFTIN, residence, Kinston, NC
Gen. M.D. MANSON, auditor of State, Indianapolis, Ind
J.B. MAYNARD, journalist, Indianapolis
P.H. McCROSKEY, builder, Terre Haute
Thomas P. MILLS, Indianapolis, Ind. (Republican)
Virling K. MORRIS, Indianapolis, Ind
J.W. RANKIN, pastor of Congregational Church, Washington
Scott RAY, Shelbyville, Ind
M.W. STACK, chief of police, Terre Haute, Ind
Mr. WARNOCK, Greencastle, Ind (Banner office printer)
W.H. WOODS (Republican), Barber; Indianapolis
C.S. WOOTEN, Lenoir Co., NC


18 Dec 2002 :: 14 Nov 2008
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