AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive
Massacres of Black and White Union Troops in the C
Dear Friends: Let me qualify this post by saying; I am an amatuer historian and not a professional. The following post is from various sources and I do not claim absolute verification of all sources. If you have other sources and information, please share it and make any corrections where warranted. This is an attempt to put the romanticization of the "gallantry" of the Confederates in perspective.
Seven known Massacres of Black and White Troops in the Civil War
1. The Crater, Petersburg, Va. July 30,1864
3rd Division, 9th Corps, 28th,30th,39th,43rd USCT and others.
Estimates of Black troops massacred, 500 - 2,500.
2. Fort Pillow, Tenn. April 12,1864
11th Infantry, 2nd Light Artillery, USCT and others.
Estimates of Black Troops, massacred,+ women and children, 300
52 white troops and officers were massacred.
3. Milliken's Bend, La. June 6,1863
5th Heavy Artillery, 49th and 51st Inf., USCT
Estimates of more than 130 Black troops massacred.
4. Port Hudson, La. May 27,1863
This reportedly, is the first major battle in the Civil War,
in which newly recruited black troops were used.
Estimates of more than 100 black troops massacred.
5. Saltville, Virginia, October 2,1864
5th and 6th, Cavalry, USCT
Estimates of more than 100 black cavalrymen massacred.
6. Poison Spring, Arkansas, April 18,1864
1st Kansas Colored Volunteers, ( later,the 79th Inf. Regiment)
Estimates of more than 100 massacred.
7. Yazoo City, Miss. Feb. 10th- 25th (Campaign)
1st Miss. Recruits ( later redesig. 3rd Cavalry,USCT and the
11th Illinois Infantry (white unit)
Estimates 40-50, black troops and some white troops.
They fought battles and skirmishes,during February/March, with
Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross's Texas Brigade. It was well known
that the Texans took no black prisoners and most were killed
after being taken. "The road was strewn with their
bodies", reported an Officer. "Even the Texan rank and file
troops were revolted by Ross's murderous orders."