AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive
Re: useful tools
In Response To: useful tools ()
Here's something that Willy Dobak and I cranked out in The Black Regulars, l866-l898:
"Another problem, praricularly for those black regulars witCivil War service, was that U.S. Colored Troops recruited its regiments locally but numbered them nationally. Old men's failing memoriess led to confusion: George Bruce who served in the 40th Infantry and 9th Cavalry after the war, had his Civil War pension held up because investigators could not find his name on the rolls of the 32nd Pennsylvania Infantry. Bruce had joined the 32 U.S. Colored Infantry which organized at Philadelphi, and called it the "32nd Pennsylvania" on hos pension application. Black veterans' pension applications contain references to the "3 Pa. Inf," "7 Meriland," "60th Iowa." and other regiments that were raised in different states but numbered consecutively as U.S. Colored Infantry. Local afficiation was important to the regulars too in the early days. Former infantrymnan John Pettit's pension application said that he had served in the "25th Louisiana Regiment" which had been formed from the "39th Louisiana and "40th South Carolina".[these are references to the post war all-black 39, 40th and 25th regiments of infantry"
Good luck in the records.
One good thing about post-war files: if you can trace/find a fellow in the 38,39,40, 4l and later 24th and 25th infantry or the 9th or l0th cav--there are pretty high odds that he was a black soldier (but, of course, there are some--very few--recorded exceptions to this). There are ALWAYS some exceptions--and sometimes such excepotions can make or break a case.