AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive
Hinton and Garrett Families of Kentucky
A Brief History of the Hinton and Garrett Families of Versailles, Woodford County, Kentucky
By Audrey Hinton
I have been able to trace our roots back to Parmelia White (1808 – unknown) and Henry Garrett (unknown). Parmelia was born in Virginia and later became a slave to Thomas Henton III, who owned a 1,000-acre farm in Versailles.
Parmelia and Henry had a daughter, Martha (unknown), and five sons, Alexander (1827-1894); Henry (1828-1901); Daniel Robert (1831-1904); William (1841-1907); and Frank (1844-1921), our direct ancestor. While enslaved, they used the surname “Garrett,” their father’s surname. In September 1864 the brothers escaped from their master, enlisted in the Civil War, and became free men. Army regulations required them to use their owner’s surname (spelled “Hinton” by the enlistment officer) while serving in the 12th United States Colored Heavy Artillery Regiment at Camp Nelson, Kentucky. When they mustered out in April 1866, Frank’s brothers resumed using the surname “Garrett.” But Frank, who had attained the rank of corporal, kept the name “Hinton” saying, “I thought best to stick to the Hinton name that I had established as a soldier.”
Frank married a Native American slave woman named Amanda Thomas (b. 1849) on May 2, 1862. They had 11 children, four daughters and seven sons. They were, in order of birth: Jennie C., Edward Thomas, Parmelia F., William Alexander, Millie Frances, Robert F., John F., Andrew Jackson, Stellar Garfield, Laurence, and David Franklin.
In the late 1870’s William and Daniel moved to Fort Scott, Kansas, where they spent the rest of their lives with their wives and daughters. Alexander, who had a daughter, and Henry, who had 12 children, remained in Kentucky. Frank became a minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church where he rose to the level of Elder. He was admitted to the Lexington Conference in 1877 and served on the Temperance, Claimants, Foreign Missions, Education, Auditing, and other committees. His ministry took him to dozens of cities in the states of Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, and Ohio, until he retired around 1916.
Amanda died in 1918 in Evansville, Indiana, at the home of her daughter Jennie C. Gordon. Frank died September 16, 1921 of “paralysis” in Peoria at the home of his son Andrew. The attending physician said, “… he had a good home and loving attention from his son and daughter-in-law.” He was laid to rest in Springdale Cemetery in Peoria.
NOTE: (By Bennie) There will be a gathering of the descendants of the Hinton and Garrett Families and descendants of Thomas Henton, III (Slaveowner) Saturday, September 13, 2003 at Versailles, Woodford County, Kentucky.
The 12th United States Colored Heavy Artillery Regiment in which the Hinton (Garrett) brothers served was organized at Camp Nelson, Kentucky.
CAMP NELSON, KENTUCKY
USCT WEEKEND - 2002, Camp Nelson, Kentucky
USCT WEEKEND - 2003, Camp Nelson, Kentucky