AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive
Re: Henry O. Flipper
In Response To: Re: Henry O. Flipper ()
While researching, I located this information regarding Charles Young and his promotions, and I quote:
"The third black graduate of West Point was Charles Young. He received his commission in 1889 and was assigned to the 10th Cavalry posted at Fort Robinson, Nebraska. During the Spanish American War, Young commanded the 9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry with the temporary rank of Major (Heinl 1977:31). After returning to the Regular Army at the end of the war, Captain Young served in the Philippine Islands for 18 months. Young also served a number of tours as military attache in Haiti and Liberia. Recalled by the Army in 1915, Young commanded a squadron of the 10th Cavalry during the Punitive Expedition in Mexico. During this campaign he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. Young was the last black graduate of West Point until 1936.
Prior to the outbreak of World War I, General Pershing had included Young on the list of officers to be considered for brigade or higher command. In July 1917, 1 month after he was selected for promotion to full colonel, Young appeared before the American Expeditionary Force promotion board. He was found medically unqualified and retired, although he was promoted to colonel after his retirement. Young rode on horseback from Ohio to Washington DC to prove his health. Inexplicably, the Army refused to release Young’s medical records, contributing to the general suspicion that his retirement was merely an excuse to keep a black man from reaching the rank of General. However, once the records were released it became evident that Charles Young suffered from chronic nephritis, a condition which killed him less than 5 years after his forced retirement (Heinl 1977:33)."
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