AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive
Samuel Sutphin, Rev. War Vet. /Slave
After the battle of Long Island, N.Y., Gen. Washington evacuated most of his troops, after losing about 1400 men, wounded, dead or captured. Samuel Sutphin, a slave and Rev. War veteran,who was substituting for his master, hid from the British troops for several days and was taken in a boat by a black man across the East River to rejoin Washington's troops who had retreated to Brooklyn Heights. Sutphin was later wounded in a skirmish with the Hessian mercenaries, who were labeled as "butchers" by the American troops.Sutphin had joined the Revolutionary Army as a substitute for his master and the promise of his own freedom. After he was discharged, he returned to New Jersey to collect his manumission papers and his master sold him!