AfriGeneas Military Research Forum Archive
Re: Confederates of Color
In Response To: Re: Confederates of Color ()
A closer look at Confederates of Color
Way, way too long ago when I was an American History graduate student I took a seminar in historical methodology--simply stated--how to do research. Every so often the faculty advisor who ran the seminar would give the group a copy of some historical document. Our assigment: read it and come back the following week with a list of questions we felt needed to be answered in order to accept the document as sufficient proof that something had or had not happened.
"The forces attacking my camp were the First Texas Rangers, Colonel Wheaton, and a battalion of the First georgia Rangers, Colonel Morrow, and a large number of citizens of Rutherford County, many of whom had recentLY taken the oath of allegience to the United States Government. [my caps in the following for emphasis] THERE WERE ALSO QUITE A NUMBER OF NEGROES ATTACHED TO THE TEXAS AND GERRRORGIA TROOPS, WHO WERE ARMED AND EQUIPPED, AND TOOK PART IN THE SEVERAL ENGAGEMENTS WITH MY FORCES DURING THE DAY."
First an observation (really, a caution)---just because a document is found in an "official" source this does not mean it is accurate or trustworthy
And now my questions: and yes I am being a nit-picking pain in the butt. But in my view that's how good history gets done and urban legends are either verified or put down.
On the Federal troops:
Was the camp of the 9th attacked by Confederate forces?
Were the attackers from the First Texas Rangers and the First Georgia Rangers?
Are there surviving reports (in the OR?) from other Federal units that substantiate both thge attack and the identify of the attackers?
Are there any surviving C.S.A. records noting these engagements by the named Texas and Georgia troops?
On the possibility of blacks in Confederate military service:
The Parkhurst reports makes it clear these blacks were armed and equipped. Were they armed and equipped as infantry soldiers (muskets, bayonets, ect)? Were they in uniform--and were these uniforms clearly Confederate?
Parkhurst wrote the blacks took part !"in the several engagements against my forces"--I think it is clear that the Lt. Col considered these blacks to be combat troops. Are there other surviving Federal or Confgederate records to support this?
Parkhurst wrote the blacks were "attached" to the Texas and Georgia forces. What did he mean; could these blacks have been irregulars, locals who only temporarily joined the fighting--or were they enlisted and serving soldiers in the Confederate army? Perhaps the answers can be found in any extant records of the Texas and Georgia units.
I hope you will agree to answers to these questions will go a long way to substantiating the presence of blacks as armed soldiers in the Confederate military----at least on one day in mid-June, l862, in specific Texas and georgia units near Murfreesboro, TN.
Moving on to something else you posted:
Some may make this assumption--but others know, for instance, that individual Indians served in the C.S.A. forces and that entire Indian regiments were in Confederate service.
Good luck with your search for proof and verification. Keep looking and digging.
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